Category Archives: WALKER

WALKER family

James Hope WALKER, RFC, 1896 – 1917

With the centenary, tomorrow, of his death in a flying accident during WW1, I want to post something about this Great-Uncle, James Hope WALKER.

James Hope WALKER was born on 3rd July 1896, at Kilpunt, Kirkliston, West Lothian, the second child (first son) of Thomas George WALKER, and Helen Black WALKER (nee CADZOW). His middle-name, “Hope”, is almost certainly a nod to the family’s landlord at Kilpunt; Lord HOPE, the Earl of Hopetoun.james-hope-walker_birth-cert-merged

In 1898 the WALKER family moved south to farm in Hertfordshire; first to Hyde Hall, Buntingford (here is Hyde Hall Farm’s current website and Facebook page), and then in 1904 to Symonds Hyde, Hatfield.

James Hope WALKER joined the 14th London Regiment (the London Scottish) as a Private (Pte.). Regimental.No.4335. The photos of him wearing a kilt (below) appear to be his London Scottish regimental uniform. His medal card shows that he first entered the “Theatre of War”, in France on 4th July 1915.

This letter, dated 24th May 1916, contains an order from the War Office to J.H.Walker’s commanding officer in the London Scottish Regiment, for him to report for training with an Officer Cadet Unit, on 29th May at Whittington Barracks, Litchfield.scan0014-scaled

Transcription;

COPY
List 2. Litchfield (T.F.3)
War Office, London, S.W.
24th May 1916.
Sir,
I am directed to inform you that 4335. Pte. J.H.Walker.
of the unit under your Command, has been selected to undergo a course
of instruction in an Officer Cadet Unit, with a view to his subsequent
appointment to a commission in the Territorial Force.
I am therefore to request that you will order him to report
himself to the Commandant No 8 Officers Cadet Battn, Whittington Barracks, Litchfield.
on the 29th May 1916 not later than 4 p.m.. He should be provided
with a railway warrant for the journey, and should be in possession
of a complete kit. xxxxxxxxxxxx
It must be distinctly understood that in the event of his
failure to pass the required tests on the termination of the course
or it in any other respect he is found to be unsuitable for appoint-
-ment to a commission, he will be returned to your unit for duty in
the ranks, or otherwise disposed of as directed by the Army Council.
An acknowledgment of the receipt of this letter is not
required, but if for any reason the candidate is unable to join, a
telegram should be sent to the War Office as early as practicable,
Followed by a letter stating the circumstances.
I am, Sir, Your obedient Servant,
(Sgd) W.D. Bird.
Director of Staff Duties.
The Officer Commanding
xx 14th (Res) Bn.London Regt.
(London Scottish)
Mortlake.

On (or about) the 25th September 1916, he was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the Royal Flying Corps. The London Gazette records this in a list published on 20th October 1916 (his name is about a third of the way down on the right-hand side).

One photo among WALKER family papers labels James Hope WALKER, standing on an airfield alongside 3 other (unidentified) servicemen.

James Hope WALKER was killed in a “Flying accident” on 16th March 1917, when the Bristol F.2a fighter biplane (number A3311), which he was flying, had a “loss of flying speed near ground”, at Rendcomb airfield (north of Cirencester, Gloucestershire). The “Casualty Card” from the accident is available from the RAF Museum Story Vault. It records the following;

“The court is of opinion that accident was caused by loss of flying speed owing to the fact that the pilot had switched off in order to effect a slower landing. The throttle being open seems to indicate that the pilot attempted to make use of his engine forgetting he had previously switched off.”

A group of photos among family papers, show an airfield; presumably RAF Rendcomb. Three images show Bristol F.2a fighter biplanes lined up; among them are numbers A3314 and A3329. Another 3 photos show servicemen standing around a crashed plane. This is presumably the crash which killed James Hope WALKER on 16th March 1917. But the images don’t show the plane’s number, so I can’t say for sure!

The following two cards were presumably sent to the WALKER family by the officers of the RFC at Rendcombe following his death.

James Hope WALKER is recorded on several monuments. These include the Hatfield War Memorial. Among family papers are two cards inviting his parents to the dedication of the Hatfield War Memorial on Sunday 12th June (1921) (see below). He is also recorded on a memorial at St Albans School, where he was a pupil (see the Great War Forum for details).

His gravestone, in St Luke’s Churchyard, Hatfield, also mentions one of his sisters, Beatrice Margaret. The FindAGrave website accurately connects this grave to a 1911 census record, and to the gravestones of other WALKER family members, buried at All Saints, Radwell, where there is also an inscription to him,  on the back of his parents gravestone (see; BillionGraves.com).

The portrait (below) of James Hope WALKER appears to have been painted after his death. It is signed ‘E. L. HAWES, 1919′, and “EVA L. HAWES, 24 WINDSOR RD, CHURCH END FINCHLEY” is written on the back. I have no other information about the artist. The portrait is in an envelope, addressed in pencil to James’ mother, “Mrs Walker, Radwell Bury, Baldock, Herts” (an address which his parents moved to in about 1935).

Patrick MAIR and Thomas JOHNSTON – Part 2

A couple of weeks ago I began to have a fresh look for what I could find out about my JOHNSTON ancestors, from Bathgate in West Lothian, in the WALKER branch of my family tree. Now I want to write up about the new things I’ve found.

newspapers-444448_640In “Part 1”, I’ve posted a transcription of an amazing newspaper article, from the “Falkirk Herald”, on Saturday, 15th August 1925; page 11 – which I found a few days ago, via the British Newspaper Archive. The article is full of biographical information about two of my direct ancestors; Thomas JOHNSTON (my 4x Gt-Grandfather), and his father-in-law, Patrick MAIR (my 5x Gt-Grandfather).

“Part 2” is my chance to say what set me off on this, and what I’ve found; to make some more comments about the newspaper article in “Part 1”, and mention some other things that I’ve found.

findagrave-icon-2I begin in September 2016, when I was contacted through AFamilyHistoryBlog by “Nevada Bob” who had been photographing gravestones in Bathgate, for the website FindAGrave.com. Bob asked me if a particular grave was of interest to me in my family history research. That grave wasn’t! But Bob suggested that I keep an eye on the Find A Grave website for anything of interest, as he added more of his photos.

Gravestone of John JOHNSTON & Margaret YOUNG, in the Old Parish Churchyard, Bathgate, West Lothian; via www.findagrave.comA couple of weeks ago I had another look on the Find A Grave website and saw a photo and transcription, which Bob had added, that very clearly is of interest to me – see HERE. So I got back in touch with Bob, via e-mail, about it. This is the gravestone of John JOHNSTON, his wife – Margaret YOUNG, and 3 of their children. There was some brief (and understandable) confusion, with Bob mistaking a photo that I’ve posted of Margaret JOHNSTON, to be of her mother – Margaret YOUNG, who is named on the tombstone. But that was soon clarified.

Due to this, I was spurred into doing some fresh internet searches looking for anything new that I could find about the Johnston family. I started looking for gravestone records, comparing 2 websites; Find A Grave.com, and BillionGraves.com (which I’ve been using recently, and rather like). The two sites were quite similar, and I found nothing particularly new on either one. You might find that a grave is on one website, but not on another, or has been transcribed slightly differently, or that one site has a better photo than another! So its worth using the different sites.

When searching for the JOHNSTONs had yielded very little new information, I looked back further, and began searching for John JOHNSTON’s maternal Grandfather “Patrick MAIR”, JOHNSTON-family-tree-coverwho was a printer and publisher in Falkirk, and his brother “Thomas MAIR”, a “merchant”/banker in Bathgate. I knew almost nothing about them beyond what little is on the old “Genealogical chart of the JOHNSTON family”, which I’ve previously posted about.

I soon found two particular sources of information on-line, that gave me lots of new details about Patrick MAIR and his descendants. One is the Falkirk Community Trust, which operates the Falkirk Archives. They hold a collection of legal papers about Patrick, and Thomas MAIR, and some of Patrick’s descendants – mainly the RANKINEs, through one of Patrick’s daughters; Isabel(la). The Falkirk Archives’ description of the “Mair and Rankine family papers” says quite a lot about Patrick MAIR and his family, and the archives’ “finding aid (no.33)” (PDF file) also give a brief description of each document that the archive holds about the family. Both of these pieces are interesting to read through.

falkirk-herald-crop-1The second source was some old newspaper articles from the “Falkirk Herald”, available through the British Newspaper Archive. The Falkirk Herald was the first newspaper to be owned by the Johnston Press; the printing business established by Patrick MAIR and Thomas JOHNSTON, and continued by some of Thomas’ descendants. I have found articles of interest, about Patrick MAIR, and Thomas JOHNSTON, printed on 3 different occasions in the Falkirk Herald.

The earliest article is a relatively short biography of Patrick MAIR, printed on Wednesday 7th April 1909. I’m interested that this seems to be very close to the time when the “Genealogical chart of the JOHNSTON family”, that I have, was produced. Might this chart, or the chart’s author – Alexander Cuthbert, have informed the article? (No author is credited with the newspaper article!). Although one big discrepancy is that where the chart says that Patrick died in “1796”, the newspaper article states that he “retired from business in 1797”, and died “on 20th February, 1805”. I think that the newspaper article has more authority on this!

This 1909 article says that “the works which came from the press of Patrick Mair were very numerous, and it is hoped that at some future time a list of these will be obtained for publication. The next article that I’ve found lists some of these works. But I have not yet found any indication of a comprehensive list having been produced. Perhaps it’s never been done! But if anyone knows otherwise, I would be interested to hear. If so please leave a comment below, or use the Contact Page to get in touch.

The second occasion where I’ve found an article is in an issue of the falkirk-herald-crop-2Falkirk Herald, marking the newspaper’s “eightieth anniversary”, on Saturday, 15th August 1925. It is the text of this article that I have posted in “Part 1”. It contains all the details from the 1909 article and more. This article then goes on to tell of Thomas JOHNSTON’s succession to Patrick’s printing and publishing business, and beyond, to tell of two of Thomas’ sons.

The third occasion, marking the Falkirk Herald’s “ninetieth anniversary”, on Saturday, 10th August 1935, appears to be an almost exact repeat of the “eightieth anniversary” article.

Being a “Real Christian” myself (to use the end of the title from the 1783 publication – the 1st known work from Patrick’s Falkirk Press), I was intrigued to discover in these articles the list of clearly “Christian” titles that Patrick published. I would like to find out more about some of these publications. It appears that there is quite a strong spiritual heritage, seeing just how many of Patrick’s descendants went into church ministry! I count 3 great-grandchildren – 2 named in the article, and 1 on my JOHNSTON Genealogical Chart. But Patrick’s son-in-law, Thomas JOHNSTON appears to have gone off-track – joining the non-Christian, Masonic Lodge! There are many sites which explain why, from a “Real Christian” perspective, Christianity and Freemasonry are incompatible; here are a couple of examples; www.EMFJ.org & www.Ephesians5-11.org. Also a Wikipedia article about the positions taken towards Freemasonry by various church denominations (and cults).

I would be very interested to find out more about Thomas JOHNSTON’s “progenitors”; the DAVIE family. Is there a real connection to the Covenanter, James DAVIE? I suspect the problem in proving it may be a lack of Covenanter records (equivalent to the English non-conformists)! I know from the Genealogical Chart that Thomas JOHNSTON’s paternal grandmother was a Marion DAVIE. I have no dates for Marion, except for the birth of her children between 1723 and 1728. From that we could infer that Marion was born around 1700. James DAVIE was killed in 1673, which suggests to me that perhaps he was the same generation as Marion’s grandparents! If you know anything more about this DAVIE family, please leave a comment below, or use the Contact Page to get in touch.

I’ve mentioned lots of generations of my family above, and I realise that it could be confusing! So I’ll finish with a couple of overlapping genealogy lists, which cover all those mentioned. Those mentioned above are in Bold text below. The number “0x” is the number of Great-grandparents back in my tree; so “3x” is my 3 times Great-grandparent(s). Or you can look at my WALKER tree page.

JOHNSTONs;

  • 6x – Thomas JOHNSTON, m. Marion DAVIE.
  • 5x – John JOHNSTON, b.1723, m. Margaret WEIR.
  • 4x – Thomas JOHNSTON, b.1755, d.1831, m.1785, Margaret MAIR, b.1767, d.1838.
  • 3x – John JOHNSTON, b.1786, d. 1872, m. Margaret YOUNG, d.1878.
  • 2x – Margaret JOHNSTON, b.cir.1818, d.1890, m.1847, James WALKER, b.1818, d.1881.

MAIRs;

  • 5x – Patrick MAIR, b.1738, d.1805, m.1863, Jean AITKEN b.cir.1726 , d.1819.
  • 4x – Margaret MAIR, b.1767, d.1838, m.1785, Thomas JOHNSTON, b.1755, d.1831.
  • 3x – John JOHNSTON, b.1786, d. 1872, m. Margaret YOUNG, d.1878.

Patrick MAIR and Thomas JOHNSTON – part 1

A couple of weeks ago I began to have a fresh look for what I could find out about my JOHNSTON ancestors, from Bathgate in West Lothian, in the WALKER branch of my family tree. Now I want to write up about the new things I’ve found.

I will write more about my recent research into Patrick MAIR and Thomas JOHNSTON in “Part 2”. But in this post (Part 1), due to its length, I just want to focus on this amazing newspaper article, from the “Falkirk Herald”, from Saturday, 15th August 1925; page 11 – which I found a few days ago, via the British Newspaper Archive. The article is full of falkirk-herald-crop-1biographical information about these direct ancestors of mine from my WALKER family branch. Before I found this article, I knew some very limited pieces, but very few of the details that this article contains.

Please see the JOHNSTON family tree that I’ve previously posted, or the JOHNSTON category for all my articles relating to the JOHNSTON family.

Being mindful of copyright issues, I’m not posting the full British Newspaper Archive’s image of the newspaper article (you’ll need to visit their website for that!). I am posting my own transcription of the text from that image, word for word (including the original typos!). falkirk-herald-crop-2All I’ve changed is to brake the text up into more paragraphs, highlight some of the publication titles mentioned, in bold, and put the lists of titles into bullet-point lists – all in the hope of making it easier to read. I have also added hyperlinks to additional information about some of the names, places, & terms mentioned, and I have made some notes/comments of my own at the end, about various names, places, terms, etc, with hyperlinks to further information.

Just a note of caution; this newspaper article is a “secondary source” of information. I would very much like to hunt out and check “primary sources” (like parish records) to verify many of the details given in this article.newspapers - free clipart image from https://pixabay.com/

AN OLD PRINTING BUSINESS.

ITS FORMER PROPRIETORS.

The printing business, of which the publishers of the “Falkirk Herald”* are the proprietors, and of the founder of which they may claim to be the lineal descendants, has a history extending over a period of no less than one hundred and fifty-eight years. Its founder was Patrick Mair, who belonged to a West Lothian family. Mr Mair’s forbears were among the smaller lairds of that county, and for generations they had farmed their own patrimonial lands of Pottishaw, in the southern district of the shire. To that property Mr Mair himself eventually succeeded. Afterwards the lands passed into the possession of the Johnston family, and some years ago were sold to Messrs William Baird & Co., Ltd., coalmasters.

The son of Patrick Mair and Margaret Telfure* his wife, the future printer of Falkirk was born in Ridge of Blairmucks, in the parish of Shotts, and baptised in Whitburn Kirk on 13th March 1738. In 1743, on the birth of his brother, Thomas Mair, the family were resident in Bathgate. In passing, we may note that Thomas Mair of Pottishaw, who was a well-known Bathgate merchant for many years, and who died in 1808, was one of the original partners of the old Falkirk Banking Company from its foundation in 1787 to 1802, and conducted business for the bank in Bathgate. He was also one of the originators of the ill-fated Union Bank of Falkirk, founded in 1803, but which had to close its doors in 1816. Patrick Mair’s parents then being settled in Bathgate, it may be surmised that after a few years’ schooling he was apprenticed to the printing trade. Married on August 11th, 1763, to Jean Aitken, of Falkirk parish, in the following year he had set up a printing press of his own in “the second close above Bell’s Wynd,” Glasgow, a volume, entitled “Sermons by the late Mr Thomas Boston” being then issued from his press. Mr Mair’s name is not found on the toll of “Burgesses and Guild Brothers of the City of Glasgow.” But these rolls, it has been authoritatively stated, are notoriously defective, and it may be deemed a certainty that Mr Mair had the necessary permission to begin business in the city, although that fact is not recorded. His stay in Glasgow, however, was not a lengthy one. He was there in the opening month of 1765, but from an advertisement inserted in the “Edinburgh Evening Courant”* for Monday, 6th April, 1767, regarding an edition of Matthew Henry’s Exposition of the Old and New Testaments, subscribers for the work were asked to send their names to — among others — “Mr Patrick Mair, Book- seller, Falkirk.”

Works from Falkirk Press.

It seems reasonable to suppose that on settling in Falkirk, Patrick Mair brought his printing press with him, and although no work printed by him seems known to bear date earlier than 1783, it is quite likely he may have issued other works before that time. The title of this 1783 volume runs thus:—

“The History of the Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments, By Question and Answer. Giving (I) An Account of the remarkable Events and Transactions of the Antedeluvian and Patriarchal Ages before and after the Flood; As also, several very curious Critical Remarks and Practical Observations upon the Lives of the Patriarchs. (II) A minute Description of the Jews, from the Calling of Abraham to their settlement in the Promised Land; with suitable remarks upon the Messages of the Prophets sent to that People. (III) And lastly, The History of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, and his Apostles, from the Birth of John the Baptist, to the Conclusion of the Canon of Scripture, For the benefit of every Real Christian. By Mr Christopher Love, a Martyr, late Minister of the Gospel in London. (John v. 39 quoted). Falkirk: Printed and Sold by Patrick Mair, Also Sold by James Buchanan, Bookseller, 1783.”

Large numbers of works, great and small, were issued from his industrious press, and some of these books of which he was printer and publisher are now much valued by collectors on account of their scarcity. In the production of religious literature, especially that of the early Scottish seceders and the English Puritan divines, he attained a certain reputation and eminence of his own.

To name every work that came from Patrick Mair’s press, even if we had their titles, would occupy considerable space. The following are a few of the works he issued, in addition to the one just named:—

  • “The Old Man’s Most Serious Advice to his Young Friend and other Pamphlets, by a Lover of Truth” (1783);
  • “Human Nature in its Four-fold Estate; A New Edition, Carefully Revised and earnestly Recommended To the Perusal of every Christian Family. By the Reverend Mr Michael Boston. Minister of the Gospel in Falkirk, and Author’s Grandson.” 1784. (The Rev. Michael Boston was the first minister of Falkirk Relief, now the West U.F. Church*. He was inducted to his charge in November, 1770, and died while in office on 5th February, 1785);
  • “A Treatise Concerning the Lord’s Supper, by Thomas Doolittle” (1786);
  • “The Whole Works of the Rev. and Pious Mr Andrew Gray, late Minister of the Gospel in Glasgow.” 576 pages (1789);
  • “The Whole Works of the Rev. Ebenezer Erskine,” 1024 pages, quarto (1791);
  • “The Westminster Assembly’s Shorter Catechism Explained by some Ministers of the Gospel,” 290 pages (1795);
  • “The Sermons and other Practical Works of the late Rev. and Learned Ralph Erskine, A.M.,” 10 vols, (1796);
  • “Poetical Works of Ralph Erskine,” 712 pages (1797).

The Complete Letter-Writer.

We should not omit to mention one more interesting book which came from Mr Mair’s venerable press. It is “The Complete Letter-Writer, containing Familiar Letters on the most Common Occasions of Life; also a Variety of Elegant Letters for the Direction and Embellishment of Style, on Business, Duty, Amusement, Love, Courtship, Marriage, Friendship, and Other Subjects; to which is prefaced A Plain and Compendious Grammar of the English Language, with Directions for Writing Letters, and the proper Forms of Message Cards, and a copious English Spelling Dictionary.” This was issued in 1792: the typography is remarkably clear; and the contents of the work, or rather conglomeration of works, are full of quaintness, and redolent of the old school of life and manners.

In the year 1797 Patrick Mair retired from the business, and died at Falkirk, February 20th, 1805, when just about to complete his 67th year. Mrs Mair survived until 1819, when she passed away at the venerable age of 93. Of the members of their family, Margaret married Mr Thomas Johnston, to whom we shall refer more fully presently, and Isabella married Mr John Rankine, bookseller, Falkirk. A daughter of this latter union, Jessie Rankine, married the Rev. Alexander Cuming Rutherford, of Falkirk. Of their family, great-grandchildren of Patrick Mair, and natives of Falkirk, James, born 1840, became celebrated as a mental specialist, and for many years was head of the Crichton Royal Institution*, Dumfries. He died in 1910. John Rutherford, born in 1842, entered the ministry of the U.P. Church, and was ordained pastor of St Nicholas Church, Aberdeen, 11th November, 1868. In 1882 he sought and obtained admission to the Church of Scotland, and for a number of years was minister of St Magnus Cathedral, Kirkwall. He died at Harrogate, 22nd January, 1922. Alexander Cuming Rutherford, born 5th November, 1844, was a chartered accountant in Glasgow, and for some years Provost of Kirkintilloch. His death took place in 1909. The present minister of Dunkeld Cathedral, the Rev. Thomas Rankine Rutherford, M.A., is also a great-grandson of Patrick Mair.

“Killing Time” Recalled.

Mr Mair was succeeded in the printing business by his son-in-law, Mr Thomas Johnston. The latter was also of Linlithgowshire stock, his people having for generations farmed lands at Ballencrief, near Bathgate, where he was born on 22nd July, 1755. In that district, during the killing time,”* when so much Scottish blood was shed by the persecuting myrmidons of the unworthy King Charles II, there was strong popular sympathy with the covenanters. One at least of Thomas Johnston’s progenitors suffered death for the cause of Presbytery. This was James Davie*, an ancestor through the maternal line, who was slain, while attending a conventicle at Blackdub, in 1673, by a party of dragoons under an officer named Heron. Davie was buried in the secluded old churchyard of Bathgate, where there is a stone to his memory.

There are pretty good grounds for believing that Thomas Johnston was not bred to the printing of bookselling trade, but first followed another calling, ultimately assisting Patrick Mair in business, and finally succeeding to it as we have stated, in1797. That, at least, is the earliest date known, when any of the numerous books which bear his name was printed. He had evidently been settled in Falkirk by 1785, as on the 5th December of that year he was united in marriage to one of Patrick Mair’s daughters, Margaret. If, as we may assume, he assisted his father-in-law during the years 1785 to 1797, he must have been thoroughly equipped to carry on the business when it was transferred to him.

During a long series of years Mr Thomas Johnston carried on printing and publishing in Falkirk, issuing editions of many important books, a few of which are:—

  • “Parable of the Ten Virgins,” opened and applied, by Thomas Shepherd. 2 vols., 500 pages each (1797):
  • Memories of the Life of the Rev. Geo. Whitefield, M.A., with portrait. 300 pages (1798):
  • “The Death of Death in the Death of Christ,” by John Owen, D.D. (1799).

Quaint Chap-Books.

Like his father-in-law and predecessor, Mr Thomas Johnston was strong in the works of famous divines, for which there was in the Scotland of that period a remarkable demand; but he also did a good deal in the reproduction of lighter literature. Chap-books* were then greatly in vogue, and of these he printed large quantities. They were cheaply got up affairs and were vastly popular with the masses. Through the agency of these packmen or pedlars who, before the epoch of railroads, were about the only traders to supply the wants of remote localities, they found their way to every rural district, where they were eagerly purchased by the peasantry. The chap-books were almost infinite in their variety, among them being sermons, stories, ballards, lives of heroes, historical abridgments, travels, etc.

It is worthy of mention that one of the chap-books entitled “The Life and Exploits of Rob Roy Macgregor.” issued by Thomas Johnston in 1814, must, according to Mr Clement K. Shorter, the well-known literary critic, have been seen by Sir Walter Scott, whose romance of “Rob Roy” “is made,” he says, “to run on parallel lines.” A reprint of this chap-book was given in the columns of the “Falkirk Herald” beginning 3rd August, 1910, and was taken from a copy of the book in the British Museum*. The titles of a few of those issued from this office may be given as curiosities —

  • “The Mournful Tragedy of the Valiant Knight, Sir William Wallace, Governor of Scotland, to which is prefixed a Brief Historical Account of his most surprising exploits for the Delivery of Scotland, and the way in which he was betrayed into the hands of the English”;
  • “The Surprising Life and Sufferings of Peter Williamson, who was carried off from Aberdeen in his infancy and sold as a slave in North America”;
  • “History of the King and the Cobbler”;
  • “The History and Adventures of that famous Negro robber, Three-fingered Jack, the Terror of Jamaica”;
  • “The Surprising Adventures of Frederick, Baron Trenck, giving an account of how he was confined in a dungeon with chains of 68 pounds weight, and was afterwards guillotined in France, in the time of the Revolution”;
  • “The Advantages and Disadvantages of Married State by Philanthropist”.

The British Museum Library* contains a considerable number of others, not mentioned in the above list, many of them with quaint titles.

At the Burns Exhibition* held at Glasgow in 1896, the following works from Thomas Johnston’s press were shown, and are now rarely to be met with:—

  • “The Beauties of Burns” (12mo). 1809;
  • “Beauties of Burns’ Poems” (12mo). 1819;
  • “The most admired Poems of the celebrated Scots Poet, Robert Burns” (12mo). 1826.

The first-named was lent by the late Mr George Gray, whose collection of rare Scottish books and chap-books was unique, and the last-named, by the late Mr W. Craibe Angus, Glasgow, renowned as an art critic and authority on everything pertaining to the works of the National Bard.

Stintmaster and “Chief Magistrate.”

In the affairs of his adopted town, Mr Thomas Johnston took a lively and public-spirited interest. On 10th October, 1809, he was elected a Stintmaster*, being one of four who represented the merchants, and three days later he was elected Preses* of that body. On the 13th May, 1811, he was re-elected. Further confidence was shown in him by the Feuars* of Falkirk, who elected him Preses of a committee composed of several of their number and of the inhabitants. The subject that agitated the community at the time was the construction of the present handsome town’s steeple* — our most conspicuous landmark. As “Chief Magistrate,” he falkirk-steeplepresided at the laying of the foundation stone of the structure on 24th March, 1813, and it was principally owing to his unremitting assiduity and public spirit that the undertaking was brought to a successful conclusion. The handsome town clock, which keeps the “Bairns” “up to time,” was contracted for during Mr Thomas Johnston’s term of office, as a brass tablet in the Steeple indicates, and also the magnificent toned bell, cast by Mears, of London. On the completion of these undertakings, Mr Johnston retired from taking an active share in Stintmasters’ and Feuars’ affairs. He was, it may further be mentioned, one of the originators of the Falkirk Curling Club, founded in 1816, which is still going strong “when stern winter rules,” and in 1811 he joined the old Masonic Lodge of Falkirk, now known as Lodge 16. He died on 18th May, 1831, much and justly esteemed and respected by the community. Mrs Johnston died 25th October, 1838.

The newspaper article continues, with pieces about of two of Thomas JOHNSTON’s sons; the “third son”, James, (or the 4th son according to the Genealogical Chart!) who was an Engineer to the Russian Czar (Nicholas I) in St. Petersburg, and the “youngest son”, Archibald who succeeded Thomas in the printing business.

*Notes;

Falkirk Herald; See – Wikipedia for a bit about the newspaper’s history, or the Newspaper’s own website HERE. For some history of the Johnston Press, see their website, or Wikipedia.

Margaret Telfure; At first site of this, I wondered if the newspaper (or their source) had mis-transcribed the “F” in Telfure from an old-fashioned long-S, making it “Telsure”! (I have since been assured that this is not the case). By searching the IGI, I have also found records of a couple in the same parish, at the same time period, transcribed as “Peter MAIR” and “Margaret TELFER”, including the christening of a son; Thomas, in April 1743. So is this the same couple? It needs a careful look at the parish registers to try and work out!

Edinburgh Evening Courant, newspaper;  See – Wikipedia.

Falkirk Relief or Falkirk West United Free Church; See Falkirk Archives; Finding Aid (60) pdf file.

The Crichton Royal Institution, Dumfries. See – Wikipedia

The “killing time”. See – Wikipedia.

James Davie, Covenanter; See CANMORE Record of James Davie’s tomb at Bathgate, and Dr Mark Jardine’s blog about the Covenanters for more details about James Davie’s life and death. Thomas JOHNSTON’s paternal grandmother was a “Marion DAVIE, from Blackdub, or  Tannock, near Cumbernault(according to the JOHNSTON family tree that I have). I have no other details for Marion DAVIE. If they are related, then James might belong to the generation of Marion’s Grandparents.

Chap-books. See “Chapbook” on Wikipedia.

The British Museum Library; www.britishmuseum.org . I have tried searching their catalogue HERE, for some of the titles given, and for the JOHNSTON name as publisher, but without results!

The Burns Exhibition, held in Glasgow in 1896; there are several examples of the exhibition catalogue digitised on-line, including;

Stintmaster, or Stentmaster; see Falkirk Local History Society.co.uk or the book “Falkirk Through Time”, via Google Books.

“Preses”; meaning “President” (I think!).

Feuars of Falkirk; see the Dictionary of the Scots Language for its meaning, or Falkirk Local History Society.co.uk for the local history.

Falkirk town Steeple; see Wikipedia or Falkirk Local History Society.co.uk.

Please see “Part 2” for some of my thoughts about the above article, and other information I’ve recently found.

John Johnston WALKER, 1848 – 1891

This is one in a series of blog posts about some old papers of the WALKER family, from Kirkliston, West Lothian, Scotland. You can see a list of these papers HERE.

John Johnston WALKER
Photo of John Johnston WALKER, taken (I think) shortly before he left for New Zealand in 1869.

Having mentioned him, and included his photo, in a previous piece, I want to post a bit more about this 2x Gt-Uncle, John Johnston WALKER. To my present knowledge, at least on the WALKER side of my family, John is the closest relative to my direct ancestry (i.e. a son/daughter, brother/sister, uncle/aunt) to have emigrated from the British Isles.

What little I know about him is mostly contained in the WALKER family history, first written by my Granddad (John’s nephew) in the 1950’s. I copy the little section written about John, here;

John Johnston Walker was born 21st January 1848. He went to New Zealand in 1869 [aged 21] and was manager of a large Sheep Station at Edendale until 1877, when he decided to start on his own, and took up a virgin block of land on the Otamakapua Block. In 1891 he went to Feilding to have treatment for a severe attack of fever and was treated by a Doctor Charlton without success, and died on 19th November 1891. On his retirement from the sheep station, where he was most popular, he was presented with a very handsome gold watch and chain.

I’m not 100% sure about the locations mentioned, particularly “Edendale”, of which I can find 3 identified places with that name, around New Zealand! (Search for “Edendale”, HERE)

On a trip to New Zealand in 2013, my uncle, David, visited Feilding and took the following photos (note; these are scans of the prints I have from him);

The gravestone at Feilding cemetery reads;

“In Memory of
John J. Walker,
born at Kilpunt, Linlithgowshire,
Scotland.
Died at Feilding, N.Z., 19th Nov. 1891,
Aged 44 Years”

scan0003John’s death is also recorded on a gravestone in Kirkliston churchyard, West Lothian, Scotland, along with his parents, infant brother, and 3 of his sisters.

I have found just one document about John Johnston WALKER among the WALKER family papers; a letter home from him, responding to news of his father’s death in 1881. (See below for transcription and notes).

Page 1; letter-home-from-john-j-walker_july-1881_p1_300dpiTranscription of Page 1 (right side);

Lyndhurst*
July 15th 1881
My Dear Mother,
I am in receipt of ~ Tom’s letter conveying the ~ sad news of my Father’s death. ~ It is certainly a very solemn ~ [invitation] we have received ~ from Him with whom we ~ have to do. I feel the loss ~ very much for your sake ~ & for mine but we must ~ bow ourselves submissively ~ before Almighty God and ~ say ‘Thy will be done’.

Regarding the estate of ~ my late Father, I do not ^[think] it ~ would be prudent to advise ~ you, as I lack a knowledge ~ of circumstances. One thing ~

Page 1 (left side);

and that is ? would Kilpunt ~ be worth keeping seeing so ~ much money has been lost ~ by farming it of late years. ~ So far as I am concerned ~[treat] me as if I was not, at ~ the same time if I can help ~ you in any way depend upon ~ me. I too have lost [heavily] ~ at farming. two years ago – ~ £800 went. but what of ~ that.

If Tom is inclined to farm the ~old place so as to keep the ~ family together let him do ~ so. But before [signing] any ~ lease, don’t forget to be pre~pared against foreign com~petition.

Now Tom*, I as your elder ~ brother would kindly advise

Page 2; letter-home-from-john-j-walker_july-1881_p2_300dpiTranscription of Page 2 (left side);

to look well to our Mother’s ~ ## comfort & happiness & ~ also to that of our sisters. ~ Don’t go hunting, or pleasure ~ seeking, but seldom: remem~ber we must try to discharge ~ our late Father’s debts, for ~ I think it is a duty of ours ~ if we com by [God’s] help ~ perform.

Some one here sent word ~ I was ill. He was mistaken ~ I kindly bid you ad[..] ~ [m…le_] Am writing in ~ haste to post for mail_

Yours Aff-ly
J. Walker
P.S. Will write next mail
for sure___
put in [p…ite] for me

Page 2 (right side);

address as formerly-

*Notes; I’m not sure of the location given at the top of the letter! There is a “Lyndhurst” west of Christchurch, on the east side of South Island. (See NZ Topo Map ).

* “Tom” – was John’s youngest brother; Thomas George WALKER (my Great-Grandfather).

Searching the internet, I have found two other documents of interest;

First; a newspaper report of John Johnston WALKER’s death, from The Feilding Star newspaper, Thurs, 19th November 1891 (via Past Papers; National Library of New Zealand);

Report in the Feilding Star newspaper, NZ, 19 Nov 1891
Newspaper report

This morning there died at Buckingham Palace, (Mr Worsfold’s boardinghouse). a settler named John Johnston Walker, who was one of the first selectors on the Otamakapua Block. Some months ago he came to Feilding for medical treatment as he was suffering from fever. Dr Charlton was unremitting in his attention and managed to cure his patient so far, but Mr Walker suffered a relapse, and lung disease rapidly developed. From the beginning Dr Charlton held ont no hopes of recovery, and the deceased was quite prepared for the fatal termination of his complaint. Mr and Mrs Worsfold showed every possible kindness and provided all that was necessary to insure the most perfect comfort of the invalid. The funeral will take place tomorrow at 10:30 am.

Second; in just the last few days (Dec. 2016) I’ve found details of John Johnston WALKER’s Will in New Zealand’s Probate records, available through FamilySearch.org. (I am unsure of FamilySearch’s copyright policy, so I won’t copy the images here! But I will add links to the page images – please click on the numbers – and I type up my own transcription of the text);

Image no. 154;

38290 ~ Dated 24 Sep 1891 ~ WILL ~ of ~ Mr John. J. Walker ~ John Prior ~ Solicitor ~ Feilding

Image 155;

A
This is the last Will and Testament of me ~ John Johnston Walker of Otamakapua in the ~ Provincial District of Wellington and Colony of ~ New Zealand. Farmer. I appoint Ernest Albert ~ Barton of Feilding in the Provincial District of ~ Wellington, Bank Agent (hereafter called “my ~ Trustee”) to be the Executer and Trustee of this ~ my will. I give devise and bequeath the ~ whole of my Real and personal property of ~ whatsoever nature or kind and wheresoever ~ situate including amongst other things my ~ interest in a perpetual Lease, moneys at the ~ Bank on deposit and open account into my ~ Trustee Upon trust that my Trustee shall sell ~ call in and convert into money the same or such ~ part thereof as shall not consist of money and ~ shall with and out of the monies produced by ~ such sale calling in and conversion and with ~ and out of such part of my personal Estate as ~ shall consist of money pay my funeral and ~ testamentary expenses and debts and shall stand ~ possessed of the residue of the said monies in ~ [burial] for my Uncle Thomas Johnston* of No.25 ~ Athol Gardens*, Glasgow, Scotland absolutely.

In Witness whereof I have to this my last Will ~ and Testament – set my hand this twenty fourth ~ day of September one Thousand Eight hundred ~ and ninety one.

Signed by the above named John ~ Johnston Walker as his last Will ~ and Testimony in the presence of ~ us both being present at the ~ same time who at his request ~ in his presence and in the ~ presence of Each other have ~ here[unto] subscribed our names ~ as witnesses.

John. J. Walker (signature)

[Clifton] [Chaelton] MB. [Clu.] […] ~ Feilding (signature)

John Prior ~ Solicitor, Feilding. (signature)

Note on Left side of the page (img.155), at 90°.;

This is the paper [w…] marked “a” referred [to] in the ~ Affidavit of Ernest Albert Barton […] this 29th day of ~ December 1891 Before me ~ […(signature)…] ~ A Solicitor of the Supreme Court of New Zealand.

In addition to the Will, there are 7 further images of related Supreme Court documents, which are worth a look at, but which I won’t transcribe here because they seem to yield few additional details of note!

See; Image 156; Image 157; Image 158; Image 159; Image 160; Image 161; & Image 162.

*Note; “John JOHNSTON” was a brother of John Johnston WALKER’s mother, Margaret. I think that “Athol Gardens” might be “Athole Gardens, Glasgow, G12 9BQ

I would be interested to find more details about John Johnston WALKER; like where he lived/travelled in New Zealand, and the passenger records for when he moved out there in 1869 (which I’ve started having a little look for, but not yet found anything!).

If you know of anything more about John Johnston WALKER, that you could direct me towards, then please leave a comment below, or use the Contact Page to get in touch. Thanks.

Some old photos of the WALKER family

This is one in a series of blog posts about some old papers of the WALKER family, from Kirkliston, West Lothian, Scotland. See a list of these papers HERE.

Here are a few photos that I have, of members of my WALKER family. These are currently the oldest photos that I know about, of members of this branch of my family. I found this group of photos together inside a plain blue envelope, aprox- A6 sized. The images are all about 2⅛ x 3¾” (54 x 95mm).

Although the photos of James WALKER and Margaret JOHNSTON are not dated, the details on the back, naming the studio where they were taken, can give us some indication of a date range. It seems clear that these 3 photos were all taken at the same time, during the same studio sitting.

The backs of these 3 Photos are all labled “ROSS & THOMSON, PHOTOGRAPHERS, 90 Princes Street, Edniburgh”. Websites with information about early photographers (for example HERE) indicate that this studio opperated at this address between 1848 and 1864, which suggests that the photos must be from this date range. I suspect that they date from fairly soon after James and Margaret’s marriage, at Bathgate in February 1847 (so earlier rather than later in the possible date-range).

The 4th photo in this group is of James and Margaret’s oldest son; John Johnston WALKER. John was born in January 1848, and went to New Zealand in 1869 where he was manager of a large Sheep Station at Edendale until 1877, when he decided to start on his own, and took up a virgin block of land on the Otamakapua Block, North Island. He died at Feilding, Manawatu District, NZ, in November 1891.

The back of this photo is labled; “J Horsburgh, PHOTOGRAPHER, 131 Princes Street, Edinburgh”. This photograhper’s name, at this address, appears to suggest a date between 1868 and 1898 (not earlier than 1868) (see HERE). So the year written on the reverse, “1869”, is probably accurate, suggesting that the photo was taken shortly before John left Scotland, for New Zealand.

In the envelope, along with these photos, there is a hand-written list of all the members of this generation of the Walker family (including the children’s birth dates). (I have shared this note previously). This is on the back of an old envelope addressed to James and Margaret’s youngest son (and my Gt-Grandfather), Thomas George WALKER, in 1891. I believe this list to have been written down by Thomas George Walker.

Transcription of note (with added details);

James Walker b. 24/1/1818, d. 6/5/1881. and
Margaret Johnston b. btw. Apr & Sept. 1818, d. 15/9/1890. married
23rd Feb. 1847 at Bathgate.

John Johnston Walker, born 21st Jan. 1848 d. 19/11/1891 – aged 43 – in N.Z.
Margaret Young “} and
d. 13/ 5/1891 – aged 41.
James (twins) “} 19 Oct. 1849 d.   4/ 5/1851 – aged 18 mths.
Isa(bella) Neill 3 May 1852 d.  8/11/1916 – aged 64. Married
Jemima Janet 30 Mar 1854 d. 24/12/1892 – aged 38.
Mary 9 Feb 1856 d. 25/ 6/1903 – aged 47. Married
Thomas George 4 Mar 1858 d. 19/10/1951 – aged 93. Married
Elizabeth Barron 7 Oct 1860 d. 14/10/1882 – aged 22

Note that several of these children have middle names which are the surnames of their Mother, Grandmothers, and Gt-Gt-Grandmother. This was common with many of the earliest recorded middle names, which can sometimes cause confusion knowing just who is being referred to. It is to avoid such confusion that on this site I tend to write SURNAMEs in CAPITALS, to distinguish actual Surnames from this kind of middle name.

Of these 8 children, only 2 have any descendants; Mary WALKER married John BRASH, and had 1 daughter. Thomas George WALKER married Helen Black CADZOW, and had 7 children.

For futher details please see A history of the WALKER family.

A History of Kilpunt, by Robert Barclay-Allardice, February 1880

This is one in a series of blog post about some old papers of the WALKER family, from Kirkliston, West Lothian, Scotland. See a list of these papers HERE.

I was recently contacted through my blog by a descendant of the KEIR family who lived at Kilpunt farm in the 1840’s, prior to the WALKERs moving there. I had mentioned in a post HERE, that Post Office Directories record a “Mrs KEIR” living at Kilpunt in 1842, when the WALKERs still lived at the neighbouring farm of Hiddlefaulds. But by the 1851 census, the WALKERs were living at Kilpunt (where they remained until 1898).

OS-25in-map-1854_6inch_view-74427798_Linlith-sheet6
Hiddlefaulds & Kilpunt shown on Ordnance Survey map, 6 inch:1 Mile, 1st edition, Linlithgowshire – Sheet 6, published 1856. (click image to link to the map at http://maps.nls.uk )

Following that contact, my site appears to have been some inspiration for this KEIR descendant and some of his relatives to create their own Family History Blog about their KEIR ancestry, which is here; https://keirfamilygenealogy.wordpress.com/

IMG_7620-edDue to this contact, I looked out a document from the chest of WALKER family papers that tells a bit of the history of Kilpunt, which I have now transcribed (below).

This letter is signed by “R.Barclay-Allardice.“, who I believe to be a “Robert Barclay-Allardice” (b.1841, d.1913); the grandson of “Captain” Robert Barclay Allardice (for more details of this family, please see HERE).

I want to note that, from old maps, I believe the original house of the Barony of Kilpunt lay West-North-West of the existing (ex-farm)house at Kilpunt, towards Broxburn, beside the burn (see the NLS map, above). Little, if any, trace of that house remains!

Please click on the images below to see the scanned pages at full resolution. Transcribed text appears in a Maroon colour below each scanned image. At the bottom I’ve made some further notes about the document.

I have also included links to further information, within the transcribed text. Much of what R.Barclay-Allardice wrote in this letter, dated February 1880, appears to be copied from (or repeated in) many other sources from the same period or earlier, many of which are now available on the internet.

Page 1; letter_r-barclay-allardice_to_j-walker_re-kilpunt-1880_p1-300dpi

Transcription of page 1;

*how far back I do not know.
6th February 1880.
Sir
As they are of interest to you & to […]
Hopetoun, I send you notes of Kilpunt, in
a fuller form than I gave them to
you yesterday.
The lands of Kilpunt and [Elieston] were
originally * in the possession of the family
of Graham of Dundaff, (now Duke of
Montrose). In the year 1371, (I think)
a younger son of Graham of Dundaff,
Sir Patrick Graham, – received them as
patrimony – he married Euphemia Stuart,
in her own right Countess of Strathearn.
She was the only child of Prince David, Earl
of Strathearn, one of the sons of King Robert
the Second of Scotland. At Sir Patrick’s
death (who was Jure uxoris Earl of
Strathearn, the lands passed to his
eldest son Malise Earl of Strathearn

Page 2; letter_r-barclay-allardice_to_j-walker_re-kilpunt-1880_p2-300dpi

Transcription of page 2;

And Menteith – Kilpunt remained
the property of the Earls of Menteith
till the year 1694. When the last Earl
of Menteith and Airth died ^(in that year,) he left
Kilpunt & […] to his nephew & heir
of line, (eldest son of his sister Lady Mary
Graham or Allardice) – Sir George Allar-
-dice of Allardice, Kincardinshire, Knight.
By him Kilpunt was sold, but whether
direct to the Hopetoun family I am
not sure. The eldest sons of the Earls
of Monteith & Airth took the title of
Lord Graham of Kilpont and Kilbryde,**
but were always called Lord Kilpont, so as
to be distinguished from the Montrose
Grahams. John, Lord Kilpont, father
of the last Earl of Menteith & Airth, was killed
at the camp of Collace in Perthshire by
James Stewart of Ardvoirlich, and his murder

Page 3; letter_r-barclay-allardice_to_j-walker_re-kilpunt-1880_p3-300dpi

Transcription of page 3;

forms the groundwork of Sir Walter Scott’s
“Legend of Montrose”, one of his novels.
Notes of Charters of Kilpunt and Elieston
may be found in the Reports of the Royal
Commission on Historical Manuscripts
printed by [Government] as Parliamentary
Blue Books – in the 3rd Report which
contains report on the Duke of Montrose’s
Menteith documents – & in the 5th Report
which contains the report on my mother
Mrs Barclay-Allardice’s papers.

I am, faithfully,
R.Barclay-Allardice.

Mr J. Walker
Kilpunt
Broxburn.

** Kilbryde is an estate in Perthshire now belonging
to Sir James Campbell Burt.

Notes;

There is a lot of information on the internet providing more details about the people, places, titles, and events mentioned in this letter (above). Many of these sources make mention of Kilpunt (or “Kilpont”). I’ve included hyperlinks in the transcribed text to some of these references, and make a further list below, of the references I’ve found;

A document titled “10 papers relating to claims to the earldom of Airth” (dated 1839), relating to a claim by R. Barclay-Allardice’s grandfather, “Captain” Robert Barclay-Allardice, to the title of “Earl of Airth”, appears to contain the source for much of the contents of the letter above. So does another report about that claim, dating from the same time; see archive.org.

The National Archives at Kew appear to hold a number of documents about the Barclay-Allardice family and their title claims, HERE.

Some of the place-names in this document have variations of spelling, e.g;

  • Kilpunt / Kilpont / Kinpunt
  • Elieston / Elliston / Illieston ; see ScotlandsPlaces

The property, and the title “Baron of Kilpunt”, were owned by the Earls of Hopetoun from a date which I don’t know, and which the above letter doesn’t make clear, until a change in Scottish law in the early 2000’s, which separated the ownership of the land from ownership of the ‘title’. This allowed the Earl, or Marquess of Linlithgow, to sell the title for a reported £50,000, and to separately sell the property to developers. Information on-line (here) indicates that the title “Baroness of Kilpunt” is now held by a member of the Cadzow family, who were cousins of my Walker family, and who farmed at Kilpunt from 1898, when the Walkers moved south to Hertfordshire. But I have yet to check out the details of this!

kilpunt-composite1The Kilpunt farm house was referbished in the 2000’s and sold on, and new houses have been built in its walled garden (to the south). The barns, or “Steadings”, have also been converted into houses, and I believe that developers have outline plans to build housing on the surrounding farmland.

If you have, or know, anything that would shed more light on this history of Kilpunt (either the place and its souroundings, and/or the title and those who have claimed it), I would be interested to know. If so, please leave a comment below, or use the Contact Page to get in touch. Thanks.

Old WALKER papers – JOHNSTON samplers

This is one in a series of blog post about some old papers of the WALKER family, from Kirkliston, West Lothian, Scotland. See a list of these papers HERE.

In the Walker family we have these two framed samplers which are full of genealogy information.

Sampler by Margaret JOHNSTONSampler by Mary YOUNG

One sampler was done by Margaret JOHNSTON (my paternal Gt-Gt-Grandmother, born in 1818), when she was “aged 8” (circa 1826-27). This sampler contains a series of initials on two rows, begining half-way down, which appear to be those of Margaret’s parents and siblings. Each pair of initials is beneath what appears to be a crown; IMG_2199_Margaret-Johnston-sampler_cropped

J.J. – M.Y. – M.J. – T.J. – J.J. – I.J. – J.J. – C.J.

  • J.J. = John Johnston, b. 25/9/1786, d. 9/5/1872 (father)
  • M.Y. = Margaret Young, chr. 14/11/1793, d. 29/6/1878 (mother)

Children;

  • M.J. = Mary Johnston, (dates unknown!)
  • T.J. = Thomas Johnston, b.abt. 1816, d. 8/12/1892
  • J.J. = John Johnston, b. 1/4/1821, d. 6/10/1906
  • I.J. = Isabella Johnston, b.abt. 1823
  • J.J. = James Johnston (twin), b.abt. 1826, d. 10/12/1845
  • C.J. = Charles Johnston (twin), b.abt. 1826, d. 24/10/1868
margaret-johnston-stood-photo_d-1890_200dpi
Photo of Margaret JOHNSTON (unknown date)

For further details of the above, please see the JOHNSTON family tree.

Here (right) is one of two photos I have of an adult Margaret JOHNSTON (I also have one of her husband, James WALKER, from the same date).

The date of this photo is unknown, but I guess about 1848. The name and address of the photographer, on the reverse, suggests a date between 1848 and 1865.

The second, older sampler appears to be by Mary YOUNG (b, 1777); the older sister of Margaret Johnston’s mother, Margaret YOUNG (b. 1793, Ecclesmachan, W.Lothian). At the bottom of this sampler there is a confusion of names and initials, some of which (it suggests to me) may be later additions to the sampler in an attempt to represent the whole family, including siblings not born when the sampler was origionally made! But at the top – 3rd line down – there is a clear set of initials of family members; IMG_2198_Mary-Young-sampler_cropped

3rd row;

  • * T.Y. – M.S. – A.Y. – J.Y. – M.Y. – A.Y. – T.Y. – J.Y. * A.S. – M.F. *

Bottom 1/3rd;

  • * THOMAS YOUNG * MARY SMITH *
  • MARY YOUNG / 1789 * JY * MK * AY *
  • CY * WY
  • JY, AY, TY, J(Y), – – – * TY, MS *
  • MY / A(LE)XA(—) SMITH * MARY FISHER *

Note; the letter “J” might alternatively be an “I“. I have transcribed it as a “J” because that is what fits with the matching records I’ve found; see below.

Using the initials identified in this sampler (above), I searched the IGI transcriptions of parish registers and was able to find what I believe to be closely matching details for birth/christening dates. Death dates are based on notes I’ve found among family papers about tombstones in Abercorn Churchyard, West Lothian, some of which I’ve been able to confirm through images available at BillionGraves.com as follows;

from the 3rd row;

  • T.Y. = Thomas YOUNG, b. circa 1747, d. 17/03/1824. (father)
  • M.S. = Mary SMITH, b. 01/02/1753, Muiravonside, Stirling. d. 27/04/1820. (mother)
  • A.Y. = Alexander YOUNG, chr. 04/02/1774, Ecclesmachan, West Lothian.
  • J.Y. = John YOUNG, chr. 09/01/1776, Ecclesmachan, West Lothian. d. 13/10/1844.
  • M.Y. = Mary YOUNG, chr. 11/12/1777, Ecclesmachan, West Lothian. d. 04/06/1845.
  • A.Y. = Alexander YOUNG, chr. 23/02/1780, Ecclesmachan, West Lothian. d. 18/12/1805.
  • T.Y. = Thomas YOUNG, chr. 24/01/1783, Ecclesmachan, West Lothian. d. 27/12/1811.
  • J.Y. = James YOUNG, chr. 06/06/1785, Ecclesmachan, West Lothian.
  • A.S. = Alexander SMITH, (dates unknown). (maternal Grandfather)
  • M.F. = Mary FISHER, (dates unknown). (maternal Grandmother)

Missing from this row of initials are 4 younger siblings, which might hint at the date when it was done. The missing siblings were;

  • William YOUNG, chr. 18/04/1788, Ecclesmachan, West Lothian.
  • Charles YOUNG, chr. 09/09/1790, Ecclesmachan, West Lothian. d. 05/07/1844.
  • Margaret YOUNG, chr. 14/11/1793, Ecclesmachan, West Lothian. d. 29/06/1878
  • Robert YOUNG, chr. 07/06/1796, Ecclesmachan, West Lothian. d. ? (an infant).

The bottom third of the sampler begins clearly with the parents’ names; THOMAS YOUNG and MARY SMITH, then the name MARY YOUNG (who’s handywork I believe this sampler is), and a year; 1789, which presumably represents a completion point for this sampler. The very bottom row appears to name the maternal grandparents; ALEXANDER SMITH and MARY FISHER.

If you could shed any more light on these families and their relations, perhaps through other original family documents, please leave a comment below or use the Contact Page to get in touch. Thanks.

Old WALKER papers – Lease of Kilpunt – 1884

This is one in a series of blog post about some old papers of the WALKER family, from Kirkliston, West Lothian, Scotland. You can see a list of the papers that have been posted onto AFamilyHistoryBlog HERE.

IMG_7620-edThis document is a lease agreement (or “Tack”), dated 12th and 13th May 1884, made between the Earl of Hopetoun, John Adrian Louis Hope (landlord), and my paternal Gt-Gt-Grandmother, Margaret Johnston (or Walker) (tenant), for the farm at Kilpunt, Kirkliston, Mid Lothian, following the death of Margaret’s husband, James Walker, in 1881.

James Walker and Margaret Johnston (both born in 1818) had married at Bathgate, West Lothian, in February 1847. James had lived at Kilpunt from at least that date (if not earlier!). The Walker family appears to have been farming the land at Kilpunt since earlier in the 1800’s, having combined it with the neighbouring farm of Hiddlefaulds, where they had lived since 1745.

No doubt, after James Walker’s death, much of the day-to-day farm work would have been done by his son (my Gt-Grandfather), Thomas George Walker, who is a signed witness to the lease, and who inherited the lease when Margaret died in 1890.

Recently, while I was transcribing this document, I came across a document on-line, dated 1888 (so within the duration of this lease), where the Earl of Hopetoun leased land at Kilpunt for a railway line. This puts into context the need in this agreement for clauses about roads, railways, canals, etc. See that pdf document HERE. Note the map on page 6 of that PDF file. The route of the railway runs right through the site of Hiddlefaulds farm, where the Walker family had lived for around 100 years before moving into Kilpunt farmhouse in the 1840’s. The 25 inch Ordnance Survey maps available through the National Libruary of Scotland, show Hiddlefaulds on a map surveyed in 1893, but the railway in its place on a revised map of 1895.

Please click on the images below to view at full resolution. Transcribed text appears in a Maroon colour below each image. At the bottom I’ve made some notes about the document.

Cover; IMG_9644-bTranscription of cover;

Tenants copy
Lease
between
The Earl of Hopetoun
and
Mrs Margaret Johnston or Walker
Of the Farm of Kilpunt

Dated 12th and 13th May 1884

Entry Martinmas ———– 1880
Duration ——————- 19 (Yrs)
Expiry Martinmas ———- 1899

Rent £ 565 – 2s – 6d

Page 1; IMG_9643Transcription of page 1;

Stamps;

FIVE SHILLINGS
SCOTLAND 16/05/84 (1884)
DUPLICATE OR COUNTERPART
ORIGIONAL STAMPED WITH
THREE POUNDS
SCOTLAND 26/05/84 (1884)

Text;

It is Contracted and Agreed between The Right Honorable John Adrian Louis, Earl of Hopetoun, heritable proprietor of the Lands and others aftermentioned on the one part, and Mrs Margaret Johnston or Walker, residing at Kilpunt, Widow of the late James Walker, farmer there on the other part, Considering that the said James Walker at the time of his death on sixth May Eighteen hundred and eighty-one had arranged with the said Earl of Hopetoun for a renewal of his tenancy of the farm of Kilpunt for Nineteen years from the term of Martinmass Eighteen hundred and eighty – And that although the new Lease proposed for said period was prepared and sent to him about the time of his death, that event took place before the Lease was completed and [executed] – And that by Mutual General Disposition and Settlement between and executed by the said James Walker and the said Mrs Margaret Johnston or Walker, dated fifth August Eighteen hundred and forty seven, and recorded in the Books of Council and Session, twenty-first May Eighteen hundred and eighty one, the said James Walker made over to the said Mrs Margaret Johnston or Walker everything he should die possessed of and that in virtue thereof she has, as the ^said deceased’s heir of provision and with the concurrence of the Trustee on his Sequestrated Estate and of the said Earl of Hopetoun, between carrying on the Farm since her husband’s death and is [desirous] that said Lease should be made out and completed in her name; Therefore the said Earl of Hopetoun has Set and in consideration of the Yearly Rent and other Conditions aftermentioned hereby Lets to the said Mrs Margaret Johnston or Walker, and her heirs, whether of line or provision but always without division and excluding Assignees legal or conventional, and sub-Tenants of every description All and Whole the said farm of Kilpunt in the Parish of Kirkliston, and County of Linlithgow as at present possessed by the said Mrs Margaret Johnston or Walker, and extending in all to Two hundred and fifty-three Acres, three hundred and eighty decimal parts of an acre or thereby Imperial Measure, which extents without being warranted shall for the purposes of this Lease be held to be correct; And that for Nineteen Years from and after the said term of Martinmas Eighteen hundred and eighty, which is hereby declared to have been the term of Entry under this Lease; With and under this express condition that if the said Mrs Margaret Johnston or Walker or Heirs succeeding to this Lease become Bankrupt by virtue of the Bankrupt Laws or execute a Trust Conveyance of her or his property for behoof of her or his Creditors or allow one year’s Rent to run into arrear and sequestration therefor to be awarded then and in every such case this Lease shall at the Proprietor’s option be null and void and he shall have right to assume possession of the Premises and the said Margaret Johnston or Walker obliges herself and her aforesaid to renounce possession and consents that Summary Diligence pass for removing herself or Heirs therefrom and that without prejudice to all legal remedies competent under the Act of Sederunt Seventeen hundred and fifty-six or otherwise. But declaring that the termination of this Lease under any of the foregoing conditions shall not import an acquittance or discharge of the obligation on the Tenant or her foresaids for Rent or additional Rent incurred previous to the time that she or they shall be required to remove from the subjects hereby Let. Nor shall any acquittance or discharge of any Rent or additional Rent due by the said Tenant or her foresaids under this Lease import a discharge or abandonment of any right to terminate this Lease under any of the foregoing conditions unless expressly discharged, it being hereby declared that it shall be in the power of the said Proprietor or his heirs and assignees to enforce any of the conditions herein written at any period unless he or they shall have expressly discharged them. And the said Proprietor binds himself and his foresaids to expend the Sum of Three hundred and fifty pounds Sterling in further improving the – Buildings and fences of said Farm – it being declared that this outlay shall be made at the sight and under &

J Hopetoun
Margaret Walker

Page 2; IMG_9642
Transcription of page 2;

Page Second

under the direction of the Factor to the said Proprietor – (the said Sum of Three hundred and fifty pounds with the sum of Two hundred and fifty pounds already so expended making together Six hundred pounds the Sum agreed to be so expended under the arrangements with the said deceased James Walker) Reserving always to the (said) proprietor and his foresaids from the subjects hereby Let as follows videlicet Reserving always the whole Mines, Metals, Minerals, and fossils, Coal, Marl, Clay, Gravel, Sand, Sandstone, Limestone, and Slate Quarries, on the subjects hereby Let with full power to search for, [worle], win, smelt, burn and manufacture, and to carry off the same and to sink pits, form levels, make Roads, Railroads, Canals, erect Buildings and Machinery, and carry on all works within the subjects hereby let which they may think proper and to resume the land they may think necessary for these purposes. Reserving also full power at all times to take off land from any part or parts of the subjects hereby Let for the purpose of planting or for the purpose of [fencing] or letting on Building Leases or for making, altering or widening Roads or for making Railroads or Canals or pieces of water Declaring that the Proprietor or his foresaids shall be bound always to keep properly enclosed any lands resumed for any of these purposes, at his own expense, and that the said Ten:ant shall receive for any land so resumed an abatement from the Rent in the proportion that the extent of Ground resumed [be as to] the extent of the whole subjects hereby Let. And also shall receive payment of the value of any crop which may be growing on, or unexhausted manure in the ground when resumed as the same shall be ascertained by arbitration. Reserving also to the Proprietor and his foresaids all the Woodlands and Grass in the Plantations, and all Plantations, Woods and Trees whatsoever now or that may hereafter be upon the subjects hereby Let with liberty to prune, cut and carry away the same, and to replant the land from which the same may be taken, the Tenant being indemnified only in the event of these operations occasioning damage to any growing crop, but not otherwise, as the same shall be ascertained by arbitration. And reserving also to the Proprietor and to those to whom he may give authority the use of all the existing roads on the subjects hereby Let. And reserving also power to make such additional communication Gates in the fences as they may think fit they being bound to uphold the same. Reserving also to the Proprietor, with the exception of the Tenant’s Right to kill Ground Game under the provisions of the Ground Game Act, Eighteen Hundred and Eighty, the whole Game with power to the Proprietor or those whom he may authorise to shoot, hunt, or sport, the Tenant being bound to preserve all Game from all others and to turn off all intruders Reserving also power to straighten Marches and excamb Lands with the neighbouring Proprietors and Tenants and also to make new Drains or Levels for water, the damage sustained by the Tenant in such operations being settled by arbitration, and for payment of which the proprietor shall be liable. Reserving also power at all times to enter upon the subjects hereby Let to ascertain how far the Tenant has fulfilled the obligations undertaken by her under the Reservations and Conditions contained in these presents and also if the Houses, Fences, Gates, or Drains should fall into disrepair reserving power to the Proprietor to put the same into proper order, and charge the Tenant with the expenses thereof unless she execute such repairs within one month after being required by written notice. Which Tack the said Proprietor under the Reservations and Conditions before and after mentioned binds and obliges himself his Heirs and Successors to warrant to the said Mrs Margaret Johnston or Walker, and her Heirs at all hands For which causes and on the other part, the said Mrs Margaret Johnston or Walker obliges herself and her Heirs, Executors, and Successors, to pay to the said John Adrian Louis, Earl of Hopetoun, and his Heirs and Assignees, or to his or their Commissioners, Factors, or Chamberlains, in their name, at their respective residences within the County of Linlithgow yearly, the money Rent following namely the sum of Five Hundred and Sixty-five Pounds, Two Shillings and Sixpence. Declaring that  &

J Hopetoun
Margaret Walker

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Transcription of page 3;

Page Third

that the said Rent shall be payable at two terms in the year Martinmas and Whitsunday as follows at the term of Martinmas yearly the sum of Two hundred and eighty two Pounds, Eleven shillings and Threepence and at the term of Whitsunday yearly the balance of the said Rent, beginning the first terms payment at Martinmas in the year Eighteen Hundred and Eighty-one, and the next term’s payment at WhitSunday Eighteen Hundred and Eighty two in full of the first year’s Rent for crop and year Eighteen Hun:dred and Eighty one, and so forth yearly and termly thereafter during the whole years of this Lease (except in so far as already paid) with a fifth part more of each term’s Rent of liquidate penalty in case of failure and the legal interest of each term’s Rent from the respective terms of payment during the non-payment thereof. But notwithstanding the terms of payment before specified to pay the whole Rents which shall be due for their possession of the subjects hereby Let at or previous to the term of Martinmass Eighteen Hundred and Ninety-nine at which term this Lease expires. And further to keep and maintain one Hound or Pointer or other Dog when required by the Proprietor or his – Factor without any allowance therefor. And further to pay all Public and Parochial Burdens payable by Tenants by law. And further to pay at the rate of Six and one half per centum per annum upon all outlay by the said Proprietor upon the subjects hereby Let which the said Tenant may ask and the said Proprietor agree to after the date of these presents (the foresaid sums of Three hundred and fifty pounds and Two hundred and fifty pounds excepted), and also to perform all carriages free of charge connected there with or connected with the Houses and Buildings presently erected or hereafter to be erected on the subjects hereby Let both which stipulations as to interest and carriages shall be understood in all cases whether expressed or not. And further to make good to the Proprietor his foresaids any loss or damage by Fire to the whole or any of the Houses and Buildings now or hereafter to be erected on the subjects hereby Let and for further security thereof the Tenant binds and obliges herself and her foresaids at their own expense to keep always insured in name of the Proprietor and Tenant or their respective foresaids for their respective rights and interests the said whole Houses and Buildings pre:sently erected or hereafter to be erected on the subjects hereby Let against loss or damage by Fire to the extent of three-fourths of their value, and also to keep at all times insured as aforesaid against loss by Fire the whole Crop and Stocking of the said Farm to the extent of their full value all as the same may be ascertained from time to time by arbitration, and these in one of the Established Fire Insurance Offices and to exhibit to the said Proprietor or his foresaids or to his or their Factor at the term of Martinmas yearly when the first portion of each year’s Rent is payable, Receipts for the payment of the premium due at that term of Martinmas yearly for the said several Insurances for the Twelve months succeeding. Declaring that the said Proprietor or his foresaids shall if so inclined have power to make the said Insurances to be effected in name of the Proprietor and Tenant or their respective foresaids, as said is and that the said Tenant or her foresaids shall in that event be bound to repay yearly to the said Proprietor and his foresaids the annual Premium for said Insurances at said term of Martinmas yearly and that the first sums paid by the said Tenant or her foresaids at or after the said term of Martinmas yearly shall be held to be applied in repayment of the said Insurances even although the Receipt or Receipts granted therefor shall bear that the money was paid to account of Rent. And further the Tenant, subject to the expenditure of the foresaid sum of Three hundred and fifty pounds yet to be made by the Proprietor, accepts the Houses and Fences as being in a good and tenantable state. Moreover the said Tenant obliges herself to maintain and leave in a good and tenantable condition the whole Houses, Drains, and Watercourses, Fences and Gates now on or hereafter to be erected on said Farm, except such as the Proprietor has herein before become bound to keep up and maintain and also the Proprietor paying one-half of the cost of repairing Fences bounding the &

J Hopetoun
Margaret Walker

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Transcription of page 4;

Page Fourth.

the Plantations and maintaining at his sole expense the Fences surrounding the land which may be resumed as aforesaid. Further the Tenant binds herself to preserve and protect the whole trees now growing on the subjects hereby Let or which may be hereafter planted, and if she fail to do so she – binds herself to pay the damage which may be incurred by her fault or negligence as the same – shall be ascertained by arbitration. And further the Tenant binds and obliges herself to accept of such Lands as may be received under an excambion provided such Lands lie contiguous to the Farm and in like manner the Tenant obliges herself to give up any Lands which may be given away in an excambion leaving all questions as to deductions or increase of Rent arising out of such changes to be settled by arbitration. And further the said Tenant binds and obliges herself to reside on the subjects hereby Let, and in the event of her death the Heir of the said Lease Shall constantly reside on the subjects hereby Let. And further the said Tenant binds and obliges herself to make no alterations on the Houses and Buildings hereby Let to her without the – leave in writing of the said Proprietor or his Factor for the time being. And with regard to the cultivation and Management of the said farm the Tenant binds and obliges herself and her foresaids to cultivate and manage it according to the rules of good husbandry and to maintain the lands in a clean and fertile condition. And particularly without prejudice to these general conditions that not more than two fifth parts of the arable lands of the said farm shall be in anyone year in White Crops declaring that Peas or Beans (except Beans properly manured with twenty tons of farm yard manure per acre, drill sown and laboured as greencrop) and Turnip Seed and […] shall in all cases be counted as part of the acreage under White Crops in any year, that not less than one fifth part of the arable lands shall be in any one year in Pasture Grass and shall be in whole fields and not in separate or detached portions of fields that not more than one-fifth part of the arable lands shall be in any one year cut for Hay that all lands that shall be in any one year in Summer Fallow or Turnips or Potatoes or other Green Crop shall be in that year well and sufficiently manured and in order thereto that not less than one-half of the lands that shall be in Summer Fallow, Turnips, or Potatoes, or other Green Crop in any year shall be – manured in that year with not less than twenty-five tons of well-rotted farmyard dung per Imperial acre and should any portion of the remaining half of the said lands have a smaller quantity than the twenty-five tons of well rotted farm-yard dung per Imperial acre applied to it the deficiency shall be made up by an application of City Manure or of approved Artificial Manures at a cost of Four Pounds Ten Shillings per acre in value of said City or Artificial Manures to be applied to each acre of the said remain:ing half of the lands in proportion to the deficiency in the quantity of farm-yard manure applied. Declaring that at the termination of this Lease no part of the said farm shall be left in Summer Fallow the – Proprietor declining to pay for Summer Fallow that in the last year of this Lease the Proprietor or Incoming Tenant shall have power to sow Grass Seed in such parts of the lands as have been in Summer Fallow or in Green Crops in the preceding year provided the same be sown along with the Spring Crop or within eight days thereafter, or if with the Wheat Crop not later than the month of April and in order thereto the Tenant in possession hereby binds herself (and her foresaids) to give six days notice in writing to the Proprietor or Incoming Tenant before beginning to sow her last Spring Crop and failing their or either of them sowing the Grass Seeds as aforesaid the said Tenant in possession hereby binds herself to do so with ten pounds of good White and Red Clover Seed and one bushel and half a bushel of Perennial Rye Grass Seed to the Imperial acre or with such kinds and quantities of Clover and Grass Seed as the Pro:praetor or Incoming Tenant may direct and for the cost of which Seed and for the sowing allenarly she shall be paid as the value thereof shall be ascertained by arbitration and in either event the said Tenant in possession shall be bound to harrow and roll in the same, in a proper manner without – charge &

J Hopetoun
Margaret Walker

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Transcription of page 5;

Page Fifth.

charge, and further shall be bound not to cut or pasture with stock of any kind or otherwise injure the lands so sown down after the last Crop has been reaped. And further the whole Dung or Manure produced on the farm shall be annually applied to the lands hereby Let and expressly in the last year of this Lease the whole Dung made on the farm previous to Whitsunday of the said last year shall be applied to the lands hereby let. And further the Tenant shall leave to the Landlord or Incoming Tenant the Dung made after the term of Whitsunday in the said last year of this Lease for which she shall be paid one-half its value as the same may be ascertained by arbitration. And it is expressly stipulated that if the Tenant depart from these regulations she and her foresaids shall pay the sum of Ten Pounds Sterling of additional Rent for each acre treated or cropped differently from the mode before specified and that at the time when the Rent of the year is paid with like penalty and interest on failure which additional Rent – shall not be considered as penal but pactional the Proprietor permitting such deviations for this additional Rent. And further the said Tenant binds herself to deliver to the Proprietor or his Factor when asked a statement signed and certified by her showing the number of acres of the whole lands hereby Let with the apportionment in any year of said acreage into White Crops, Hay, Green Crops, or Fallow and Pasture. Moreover the said Mrs Margaret Johnston or Walker obliges herself and her foresaids to remove from the said farm at the expiration of this Tack without warning or process of removal, or otherwise to pay the sum of Ten Pounds Sterling of Rent per acre for each years possession thereafter and proportionately for a shorter period at the times and with penalty and interest as before mentioned and also to perform the whole other conditions in this Tack. And whereas several references are herein made to arbitration the parties oblige themselves in such cases to enter into submission to some one person of skill mutually chosen as arbiter and failing an agreement as to the choice of an arbiter the parties agree to refer the choice of an arbiter to the Sheriff of the County of Linlithgow, and it shall not be competent to bring the decision of the arbiter under revision in any Court whatever. And the said parties oblige themselves and their foresaids to Implement this Tack to each other under the penalty of Four Hundred Pounds Sterling to be paid by the party failing to the party performing or willing to perform over and above performance. And they consent to the – Registration hereof for preservation and execution. In Witness Whereof these presents written on this and the four preceding pages of paper to be duly stamped by William Lyon Mackenzie, Clerk to James Hope, Writer to the Signet, are, together with a duplicate hereof subscribed by the said Margaret Johnston or Walker, at Kilpunt aforesaid, the twelth day of May Eighteen hundred and eighty-four before these witnesses; James Law, Farmer, East Mains, Broxburn, and Thomas George Walker, residing at Kilpunt aforesaid; and by the said Earl of Hopetoun at Edinburgh the thirteenth day of said – month of May, and year last mentioned, before these Witnesses; William Lennox, Clerk to the said James Hope, and the said William Lyon Mackenzie.

William Lennox, witness
W.L. MacKenzie, witness
Tho. G Walker, witness
Robert G Keir, witness
James Law, witness
Tho. G Walker, witness

J Hopetoun
Margaret Walker

Notes;

John Adrian Louis Hope was the 7th Earl of Hopetoun, and 1st Marquess of Linlithgow.

Terms used in the text;

  • “Act of Sederunt”; in Scots law – see Wikipedia.
  • “allenarly”; meaning “solely”, or “only” – see Wiktionary.
  • “excamb”/”excambion”; in Scots law, excambion is the exchange of land – see Wikipedia.
  • “Factor”; a property manager or estate manager – see Wikipedia.
  • “Martinmas” & “Whitsunday”; Scottish term days – see Wikipedia
  • “Tack”; a lease agreement – see http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/tack_n2
  • “videlicet”; meaning “namely”, “that is to say”, or “as follows” – see Wikipedia.

The Walker family;

  • James WALKER, b. 24/01/1818, at Hiddlefaulds, Kirkliston, the son of John Walker & Isobel Neil. d. 06/05/1881, at Kilpunt. Married; 23/02/1847, at Bathgate, to;
  • Margaret JOHNSTON, b. btw. Apr & Sept 1818, daughter of John Johnston & Margaret Young. d. 15/09/1890 (see the JOHNSTON family tree HERE).

Their children;

  • John Johnston WALKER, b. 21/01/1848, d. 19/11/1891, in New Zealand (no issue).
  • Margaret Young WALKER, b. 19/10/1849 (twin), d. 13/5/1891 (no issue).
  • James WALKER, b. 19/10/1849 (twin), d. 4/5/1851 (at 18 months).
  • Isabella Neil WALKER, b. 03/05/1852, d. 08/11/1916, m. 07/06/1894 – Thomas ALLAN (no issue).
  • Jemima Janet WALKER, b. 30 Mar 1854, d. 24/12/1892 (no issue).
  • Mary WALKER, b. 09/02/1856, d. 25/6/1903, m. John BRASH (1 daughter).
  • Thomas George WALKER, b. 04/03/1858, d. 19/10/1951, m. 19/06/1894 – Helen Black CADZOW (7 children)
  • Elizabeth Barron WALKER, b. 07/10/1860, d. 14/10/1882 (no issue).
env-back_Walker-family-dobs_300dpi
A back of an envelope note of date of James Walker & Margaret Johnston’s wedding, and DoB of their children, written (I suspect) by their son – Thomas George Walker.

For futher details see A history of the WALKER family.

env-cover_to-TG-Walker_31-12-1891_300dpi
Front of the envelope, addressed to Thomas George Walker, at Kilpunt. Postmarked 31st December 1891.

 

Old WALKER papers – Inventory of Effects at Hiddlefaulds and Kilpunt – August 1840

This is one in a series of blog post about some old papers of the WALKER family, from Kirkliston, West Lothian, Scotland. See a list of these papers HERE.

IMG_7620-edThis inventory, dated “August 1840”, appears to have been made following the death of John Walker (my paternal 3x Gt-Grandfather).

John was born in Kirkliston on 13th January 1772, and married Isobel Neil in May 1816. Following the death of his parents in 1817, John continued to farm at Hiddlefaulds, in Kirkliston parish, where his father had agreed a new 19 year lease in 1813.

It appears that at some point, during John Walker’s time, the family took on the tenancy of the neighbouring farm at Kilpunt. Post Office Directories from the time, still name “John Walker” as living at Hiddlefaulds, circa 1843, with a Mrs Keir at Kilpunt. But by the time of the 1851 census, John Walker’s son, James, is living at Kilpunt.

Early Ordnance Survey maps (available from the National Library of Scotland website) show Hiddlefaulds and Kilpunt in the 1850’s ;

OS-25in-map-1854_6inch_view-74427798_Linlith-sheet6
Hiddlefaulds & Kilpunt shown on Ordnance Survey map, 6 inch:1 Mile, 1st edition, Linlithgowshire – Sheet 6, published 1856. (click image to link to the map at http://maps.nls.uk )

(Click HERE for a modern Google Maps view of the same area.)

Here is a close-up of Hiddlefaulds from the 25 inch to 1 Mile map of the same date;

OS-25in-map-1854_view-74963231_Linlith-Vl-15-Hiddlefaulds
Hiddlefaulds on Ordnance Survey map, 25 inch:1 Mile, 1st edition, Linlithgowshire Sheet VI.15, published 1856. (click image to link to the map at http://maps.nls.uk )

The document below appears to be the only evidence that I have for the date of John Walker’s death. So far I have been unable to find a tombstone for him, or for his wife, Isobel, who I believe died in 1860.

Please click on the images to see the scans at full resolution. Transcribed text appears in a Maroon colour below each scanned image. At the bottom I’ve made some notes about the document.

Cover; Inventory-of-Effects-at-Hiddlefaulds_1840_cover_300dpiTranscription of cover;

Inventory and
Appraisment of
Effects on Hiddlefaulds
and Kilpunt which
belonged to the Late
Mr Walker
1840
=======

Page 1; Inventory-of-Effects-at-Hiddlefaulds_1840_p1-ed_300dpiTranscription of page 1;

Inventory and Appraisment of Effects on #
Hiddlefaulds and Kilpunt which belonged to #
the late Mr Walker farmer at Hiddlefaulds #
August 1840

  Dining Room £ /s /d
1 7 Chairs at 5[.] 1 /15 /-
2 1 Dining table – /15 /-
3 […] & […] – /5 /-
4 2 […] […] – /3 /-
5 2 Bottles with a little Whisky – /8 /-
6 12 Tumblers & 12 Glasses – /10 /-
7 3 […] pots & [set] of china – /10 /-
8 2 […] […] – /1 /-
9 2 salt dishes & 2 mustards – /1 /6
10 6 Toddy Ladles – /3 /6
11 1 [Doz*] small plates – /1 /6
12 1 Jar with a little Whisky – /2 /6
13 Old […] – /- /6
14 A [looking] Glass – /5 /-
15 A Barometer – /6 /-
16 2 [arnamentats] – /7 /-
17 Carpet & Hearth rug – /- /6
18 Portrait – /1 /6
19 Chest of Drawers 1 /10 /-
20 2 [kinfe] […] – /7 /-
21 [First] [bed] Room  
22 2 [bed] [Ticks] – /12 /-
23 3 old chairs – /5 /-
  [carried forward] £ 8 /10 /6

Page 2; Inventory-of-Effects-at-Hiddlefaulds_1840_p2-ed_300dpiTranscription of page 2;

  [First] Bed Room continued Brought over £8 /10s /6d
24 1 Round Table – /3 /-
25 [Basin] [Stand] [..] – /1 /6
26 [brumb] cloth – /2 /-
27 A [Map] – /2 /-
28 [Fishing] [roll] – /- /3
29 An old Wardrobe – /6 /-
30 2 Close beds – /15 /-
  Milk House  
31 Milk House & dairy [utensils] 1 /10 /-
32 5 [Doz*] bottles – /7 /6
33 1 load Oat meal 2 /5 /-
  Eastern Bed Room  
34 2 small boxes – /3 /-
35 2 knife boxes – /2 /-
36 4 old chests 1 /10 /-
37 20 [pair] home made Blankets
5 /- /-
38 20 – [shawers]    (ditto)
3 /10 /-
39 40 [pair] sheets
10 /- /-
40 2 [Doz*] Towels
– /3 /6
41 6 Table cloths
2 /2 /-
42 Bed Tick with [Bobles] and Pillows
– /12 /-
  Servants Bed Room  
43 1 [common] [bell] with [curtains]
– /9 /-
44 1 old [B…] […]
– /2 /6
45 [B…] & [Chese] in [Ditto]
– /4 /-
46 Trunk
– /5 /-
47 Box
– /2 /3
48 2 [sheets] of Wollen [fam]
– /3 /-
49 3 (ditto) Linen
– /4 /6
50 2 (ditto) Tow
– /3 /-
51 2 old Band Bales
– /9 /3
52 1 ” [Hardrefer]
– /5 /-
53 1 ½ [Doz*] [bottles]
– /2 /3
  [carried forward]
£39 /6 /-

Page 3; Inventory-of-Effects-at-Hiddlefaulds_1840_p3-ed_300dpiTranscription of page 3;

  Servants Bed Room continued £39 /6s /-d
54 2 pair Brass Candlesticks – /7 /6
55 1 small Copper kettle – /2 /6
  Parlour  
56 old Sofa – /3 /-
57 6 old chairs 1 /4 /-
58 […] cloth and Rug – /3 /-
59 1 small Mahogany Table – /12 /-
60 1 — Common — (ditto) – /2 /-
61 [Grate] & [Fire] Irons – /3 /6
62 small round Table – /1 /-
63 2 [close] [Beds] – /9 /-
64 2 [Bed] [Ticks] with Bolsters & Pillows – /18 /-
65 [Bed] covers – /12 /-
66 [Tea] Trays – /3 /-
  Lobby  
67 1 Old eight day clock 1 /- /-
68 A Gun – /8 /-
69 3 Saws – /3 /6
70 Old crockery – /3 /-
71 2 [Doz*] knifes & forks 1 /7 /-
72 2  ”   kitchen spoons – /4 /6
73 1  ”   […] (ditto) – /4 /6
74 1  ”   silver Tea spoons 2 /2 /-
75 1 pair sugar Tongs – /3 /6
  Horse Harness & Implements of
Husbandry
 
  6 sets cart & Plough harness 6 /- /-
  1 set old harness – /10 /-
  1 […] & Riding Sadle 1 /10 /-
  2 Old [briads] – /1 /6
  Straw Barn  
  1 […] chest – /5 /-
  14 Hoes – /7 /-
  [carried forward] £58 /16 /-

Page 4; Inventory-of-Effects-at-Hiddlefaulds_1840_p4-ed_300dpiTranscription of page 4;

Straw Barn continued £58 /16 /-
4 Rakes – /3 /-
2 [Forks] & 1 […] – /3 /-
1 Large Hammer – /2 /-
7 Bays with corn dust – /10 /-
30 Empty Bays 2 /- /-
3 Stands Hay Ropes – /12 /-
1 Old Thrashing Mill 5 /- /-
1 pair [Fanners] 1 /5 /-
2 [Thrashing] Tubs – /6 /-
1 [Firm] – /- /6
Boiler House  
1 Boilers 1 /5 /-
3 [Grapes] – /4 /6
1 Broken Table – /- /9
Live Stock  
7 Work Horses 77 /- /-
1 Riding – (ditto) 18 /- /-
4 Milk Cows 36 /- /-
4 – [2] year old [stots] 42 /- /-
15 – Milk calves 9 /- /-
2 – 1 year old (ditto) 3 /- /-
2 – 1 year old colts 14 /- /-
Kilpunt  
Manure in Court Yard 6 /- /-
3 Broad Swine 2 /5 /-
16 pigs 4 /- /-
2 [..akes] – /2 /6
1 Turnip barrow – /4 /-
1 Thrashing Mill 30 /- /-
1 Pair [Tanners] 3 /10 /-
[N..les] & other Barn utensiles – /15 /-
6 [blon] Carts 27 /- /-
3 Pair wood Harrows 1 /7 /-
[carried forward] £344 /11 /3

Page 5; Inventory-of-Effects-at-Hiddlefaulds_1840_p5-ed_300dpiTranscription of page 5;

Brought forward £344 /11 /3
3 Wood Ploughs 2 /2 /-
1 Iron Plough 1 /10 /-
1 Grubber 1 /1 /-
1 Wheel barrow – /4 /-
3 Thraw crooks – /1 /6
2 Stone Rollers 1 /5 /-
3 Ladders – /9 /6
Old Straw 2 /10 /-
1 Water Barrel – /7 /6
Manure at Hiddlefaulds 2 /5 /-
2 Hand barrows – /2 /4
5 Geese – /10 /-
1 [Doz*] [Fowls] – /15 /-
1 old cart frame – /2 /6

Growing Crops at Hiddlefaulds, and Kilpunt_

14 Acres Barley 84 /- /-
11 “ Oats 88 /- /-
11 “ Turnips 99 /- /-
8 “ Oats 68 /- /-
8 “ Barley 60 /- /-
2 “ [Tares] 10 /- /-
4 “ Potatoes 38 /- /-
10 “ Wheat 80 /- /-
7 “ (ditto) 66 /3 /-
2 “ (ditto) 18 /- /-
7 “ Barley 64 /15 /-
5 “ Oats 37 /10 /-
1 Old Bean Stalk 3 /- /-
4 Loom Carts 4 /4 /-
    £1078 /8 /7

[Gwrril]

Page 6; Inventory-of-Effects-at-Hiddlefaulds_1840_p6_300dpiTranscription of page 6;

[I] [wrrie] 31st August 1840. All the articles #
writen upon the Five preceeding pages have #
been inspected and appraised by me #
licenced Auctioneer here, for the purpose of #
asertaining the legacy duty, and to the #
best of my Judgment this is a fair #
valuation amounting to One Thousand #
and Seventy eight pounds eight shillings and #
seven pence Sterling.
Robert Gray.

Notes;

  • * “Doz” ; I think means a “dozen” (or 12).

The only item in this inventory that I believe I can identify with any certainty is the “Old eight day clock”, in the Lobby (no.67, on p.3). I can’t confirm the age of this clock! But it is said to have been passed down the Walker family line since William Walker (who married Elizabeth Barron in 1728).

20160312_10473220160315_105648

Old WALKER papers – Lease of Hiddlefaulds farm – 1813

This is one in a series of blog post about some old papers of the WALKER family, from Kirkliston, West Lothian, Scotland. Please see a list of these papers HERE.

This document is a lease agreement (or “Tack”) made in 1813 between the Earl of Hopetoun, James Hope Johnstone (landlord), and myIMG_7620-ed paternal ancestor, James Walker (tenant).

James Walker was born in Kirkliston, in August 1731 – so would be about 82 years old at the time that this lease was agreed. So it is likely that his son, John Walker (b. Jan. 1772) was running most of the day-to-day work on the farm by this time!

For an earlier (and much simpler) lease of Hiddlefaulds, agreed with James Walker in 1775, see HERE.

James Walker, and his wife, Janet Flint, both died in 1817 and are buried in Kirkliston churchyard. Their son, John Walker, is recorded in the Kirkliston parish registers as having “irregularly” married Isabel Neil, in May 1816, with their first daughter being born in August of that year!

At some point (it appears during John Walker’s time) the family also took on the tenancy of the neighbouring farm at Kilpunt.

Due to the nature/condition/size of this document, I have photographed, rather than scanned, most of the pages.

Please click on the images to see the scans at full resolution. Transcribed text appears in a Maroon colour below each scanned image. At the bottom I’ve made some notes about the document.

Cover; Lease-of-Hiddlefaulds-1813_cover_300dpiTranscription of cover;

Tack
The Earl of Hopetoun
to
James Walker
Of the farm of Hiddlefaulds
for Nineteen years from
Martinmas 1813
————
[Comp #]

Page 1; IMG_3252

Transcription of page 1;

It is Contracted and Agreed Between the Right Hon-#
-orable James Hope Johnstone Earl of Hopetoun Heritable Proprietor #
of the Lands and other aftermentioned upon the One part And James #
Walker Tenant in Hiddlefaulds upon the other part in manner #
following That is the said Earl hereby Lets and in Consideration of the #
Tack Duty and other [prastations] aftermentioned and under the conditions #
after specified Let to the said James Walker and his heirs of line and if #
only daughters to the Eldest without division without prejudice to the #
said James Walker and his heirs to settle the said lease upon any of his #
or their children and under such burdens as they may think proper #
Including all Assignees legal and conventional direct or indirect and #
also Including all subtenants without a special written permission #
from the said Earl or his Heirs and successors But Declaring as it is #
hereby expressly Provided and Declared that any Assignation Conveyance #
or sublease contary to the foresaid stipulation shall be void and null #
and of no force or effect And that immediately upon any such Assignation #
Conveyance or sublease of this Lease contary thereto being granted by the #
said James Walker of his foresaids or anywise attempted to be so #
granted by then it shall be lawful to and in the power of the said #
Earl and his foresaids to enter into possession of the farm with the #
whole Houses and pertinents hereby let And that the Lease hereby granted #
shall from henceforth cease and determine and become void and null #
without any declarator or other process of law in the same manner as #
if it had never existed or been entered into. All and Whole the #
farm of Hiddlefaulds being part of the Barony of Kilpunt with #
the House yards parts and pertinents thereto belonging all as presently #
possessed by the said James Walker himself Lying in the Parish of #
Kirkliston and County of Linlithgow. And that for the space of #
Nineteen years from and after the term of Martinmas Eighteen hundred #
and thirteen which is hereby declared to have been the term of the said #
James Walker his entry thereto in virtue hereof Reserving always #
to the said Earl and his heirs and successors full power and liberty to #
work win sell dispose of and carry away the Coal Lime, Freestone, Marle #
and in general all other Mines Metals and Minerals within the said #
lands hereby set And to  make Roads and Aqueducts and to do every thing #
necessary for these purposes the said Earl and his foresaids always #
satisfying the said James Walker and his foresaids for any damages #
that may be thereby done to the surface of the Ground at the sight of #
neutral men mutually chosen But it is Declared that the said James #
Walker and his foresaids shall have liberty to work Lime Stone within #
the lands hereby set for the use of the same and Houses thereon but not #
for sale or any other purpose whatever. Also Reserving to the said #
Earl and his foresaids full power and liberty to Straight marches and #
to excamb Lands either with the neighbouring Proprietors or with his #
own Tenants at the sight either of the Judge Ordinary or of neutral men #
they
David [Robertson] Williamson
James Walker

Page 2; IMG_3253

Transcription of page 2;

Page Second
the indemnification to the Tenant to be paid either in land or in money #
as the same shall appear most equitable to all concerned. Also Reser- #
-ving to the said Earl and his foresaids full power and liberty to cut and #
carry away all timber now growing or to be planted on the said lands #
and the said James Walker and his foresaids shall have no claim for #
any allowance when the same is done betwixt the first of November #
and the first of May And if any damage is occasioned at any other #
time the said James Walker and his foresaids shall be indemnified #
therefor at the sight of neutral men mutually chosen Also Reserving #
to the said Earl and his foresaids full right and liberty at any time #
during the Lease to resume possession of part of the said Lands for the #
purpose of Planting not exceeding the extent of three acres And the value #
of the land so resumed shall be determined by neutral men mutually #
chosen and shall be allowed to the said James Walker and his #
foresaids And it is Declared that where the Fences of the Plantations #
become fences to the Tenant and useful to the Lands then the said #
James Walker and his foresaids shall be bound to be at half the #
expense along with the Earl in keeping the said fence in repair #
Also Reserving to the said Earl and his foresaids full power and #
liberty to [fowl] or Hunt upon the Lands either by himself, Gamekeepers #
or their having special liberty but always so as not to [injure] any #
Sown or planted crop and the said James Walker and his foresaids #
shall be bound to preserve the Game from all others Also Reserving #
to the said Earl and his foresaids full right and liberty at all times #
during the Lease to inspect and examine the state and condition of the #
farm the Houses and fences And if any of them shall be found in #
disrepair the said Earl and his foresaids shall have power to require #
the Tenant in writing to do what is necessary by way of repair And #
in case the Tenant shall fail to do so within One month after such #
notification the Earl and his foresaids shall have liberty to cause the #
said repairs be executed And the expense thereof Certified by the factor #
of the said Earl without further proof the said James Walker and his #
foresaids shall be bound to pay at the next term along with their Rent. #
Also Reserving to the said Earl and his foresaids full right to #
resume possession of the said lands and others in case the said James #
Walker of his foresaids shall become legal Bankrupts in terms of the #
Act 1696 or of the 33rd of His present Majesty [Cap] 74 or of any #
other subsequent Act of the same nature Or if the said James #
Walker or his foresaids shall execute any voluntary Trust Conveyance #
of their Estate in favour of their Creditors on account of inability to pay #
their debts or although no such Conveyance is executed if they possess #
the Lands only nominally and account to their Creditors or their #
Trustees for the profits of the same, Or if the said James Walker or #
his foresaids shall allow a [Sequestration] to be applied for and #
obtained for payment of the Rent due the said Earl and his foresaids #
shall
David [Robertson] Williamson
James Walker

Page 3; IMG_3254

Transcription of page 3;

Page third
shall be entitled to enter to the possession of the said lands and others #
at the first term of Martinmas after any of the above events shall #
take place And in such cases the said James Walker hereby obliges #
him and his foresaids to renounce possession of the said lands and #
others hereby Set And Consents that Summary diligence shall pass #
for removing all concerned from the lands and thereby enable the #
said Earl and his foresaidsto set the said Lands of new to any other #
person they chose without prejudice always of the remedies provided #
in favour of Landlords either by the Common Law or the Act of #
[Sed…t] 1756 Declaring always that if the said James Walker #
or his foresaids from any of the foresaid Causes shall be unable to #
pay their Rent or to keep the farm the said Earl and his foresaids #
upon obtaining possession thereof shall be obliged to allow them #
the value of such improvements and [meliorations] of which they may #
not have reaped the benefit which allowance shall be ascertained #
by two neutral men mutually chosen Which Tack under the #
Reservations and Declarations before Written the said James Hope #
Johnstone, Earl of Hopetoun Obliges him his Heirs and Successors #
to warrant at all hands For the which Causes And upon the other #
part the said James Walker Binds and Obliges him his heirs Executors #
and representatives whomsoever to content and Pay to the said #
James Hope Johnstone, Earl of Hopetoun his Heirs and Assignees #
of to his or their factors or chamberlains in their name yearly and #
each year during the whole space foresaid of this present Tack the #
Sum of One hundred and Eighty Pounds Sterling and Twelve #
[Kain] Hens or in the [option] of the said Earl and his foresaids One #
Shilling and Sixpence Sterling for each Hen if not demanded but in #
case of their being demanded and not delivered the said James #
Walker and his foresaids shall be obliged to pay [five] Shillings Sterling #
for each undelivered Hen Begining the first years payment of #
the said Money Rent at the term of Candlemas and Lammas #
Eighteen hundred and fifteen by equal portions And that for [crops] and #
year Eighteen hundred and fourteen And of the [Kain] at the terms #
used and want or of the Conversion thereof in the option of the said #
Earl and his foresaids along and together with the said money Rent #
And so [furth] yearly and termly thereafter during all the years of #
this Tack except the Rent of the last year which it is expressly #
agreed upon and declared shall be fully and completely paid up #
at the expiry of this Lease or the said James Walker’s removal from #
the farm with One fifth part more of penalty in case of failure and #
the legal interest or Annual Rent after the respective terms at which #
the same shall become due during the nonpayment thereof Also #
to deliver to the said Earl and his foresaids yearly when required #
between Yule and Candlemas after reaping the Crops Twenty Three #
Bolls
David [Robertson] Williamson
James Walker

Page 4; IMG_3255

Transcription of page 4;

Page forth
Bolls of Oat Meal by Weight of Eight Stones Troy per Boll the beet #
of the growth of the said Lands [feed] only excepted And to Carry and #
transport the same to Hopetoun House or any place within Twelve #
Miles thereof all upon their own proper charges and expenses It being #
hereby Declared that the said James Walker and his foresaids shall #
get allowance out of the Rent beforementioned of the value of the said #
Meal at the rate of the highest fiars of the County of Linlithgow. #
As Also to keep and maintain One of the said Earl’s Hounds or Pointers #
during all the years of this Tack without any Allowance on that account. #
And the said James Walker Binds and Obliges himself and his foresaids #
to Labour the lands hereby Let according to the rules of good husbandry #
And not to wear out or deteriorate the same by undue labouring or #
improper management And particularly without prejudice to the #
said generality that the said James Walker and his foresaids shall #
not be at liberty to take more than two successive white crops from #
the same ground without the intervention of a Summer fallow or #
Green crop And never to take a wheat crop except after a summer #
fallow or Green crop Dunged And further the said James Walker #
Binds and obliges himself and his foresaids to have in each year #
during the last four years of the Lease not less than twelve acres in #
Hay and Pasture of which not more that Six acres shall be in #
Hay And also to have in each of the said last four years Eight Acres #
or […]in Summer fallow or Green crops Dunged Which Summer #
fallow or Green Crop shall along with the Succeeding Crops of Grain #
be laid down with [Grass] seeds of a proper Assortment and quantity #
for pasture or Hay and the land so laid down the said James Walker #
and his foresaids shall not be at liberty to break up again during #
the Lease not take more than One crop of Hay from the same [ground] #
And it is Declared that during these last four years the said #
James Walker and his foresaids shall not be at liberty to take two #
successive White crops without the intervention of a summer fallow #
or Green Crop Dunged But in case of the Grass [seeds] sown with #
Summerfallowed Wheat having failed they shall in that case #
(apon stating the same to the Factor of the said Earl and upon his #
being satisfied thereof) have liberty to plough up the same the #
ensuing year and to take a crop of Barley to be sown down with #
Grass Seeds. And further that in the last year of the Lease at #
any time between Martinmas and Candlemas the said Earl or the #
incoming Tenant shall have power to take Land for Summer #
fallow or Green Crop not exceeding the extent of twelve acres the #
said land to be restricted to that proportion of the Farm which in #
the due and ordinary course of management shall fall to be in #
Summerfallow or Green Crop at the time all lying in one and the #
same~
David [Robertson] Williamson
James Walker

Page 5; IMG_3256

Transcription of page 5;

Page fifth
same field if that can be effected And all the Dung of the proceding #
Crop shall be kept for the same in so far as the same shall not be #
used by the Tenant for any Horse hoed Drilled Crop for that year #
the said James Walker and his foresaids always receiving such #
indemnification for the summerfallow of Green Crop and Dung #
as _ shall be determined by neutral men One to be chosen by #
each _ party. It being understood that in case the Earl or the #
incoming Tenant shall not take ground for Summerfallow the #
last year of the Lease the Tenant shall be allowed an indemnifica- #
-tion for the Summerfallow or Green Crop he is bound to have for #
that year as the same shall be valued by neutral men mutually #
chosen And Further in case where it may be proper the Earl #
or the incoming Tenant shall have liberty to Sow Grass Seeds #
with all or any of the White Crops provided the Grass Seeds are #
Sown along with the Spring Crops or within Eight days thereafter #
If with Wheat Crop not later than the month of April And the #
said James Walker and his foresaids shall be bound to harrow #
and cover then in properly and reaping the crop to preserve #
the said grass from injury and not to allow any Cattle to pasture #
thereon either during Harvest or afterwards the said James Walker #
and his foresaids being to get allowance for any damage they #
may sustain thereby at the sight of neutral men mutually chosen #
And in Reguard the Rents herein beforementioned were fixed #
and Agreed upon on the faith that the ground should be managed #
in manner beforementioned Therefore in case the said James #
Walker or his foresaids shall Contravene the foresaid Stipulations #
respecting the management of the Farm or any of them the said #
James Walker Binds and Obliges himself and his foresaids to pay #
an additional Rent of Five Pounds Sterling per acre for each acre #
of ground which they shall so mislabour or not have in Hay #
and Pasture or in summerfallow or Green Crop as beforementioned #
or shall not allow to be summerfallowed or Sown with Grass Seeds #
by the said Earl or the incoming Tenant with the last Crop #
under this Lease and to be harrowed and Covered in as said is #
And the said James Walker binds and Obliges himself and his #
foresaids to pay the said additional Rent for each year during #
their possession after the respective Contraventions at the terms #
and under the penalty before Covenanted with regard to the said #
Stipulated Rents. And it is Declared that although an #
additional Rent is hereby Covenanted in case of Contravention #
which in all cases is to be considered as pactional and not #
penal yet the said Earl and his foresaids shall nevertheless be #
at liberty if they think proper to prevent the overlabouring or #
mismanagement~
David [Robertson] Williamson
James Walker

Page 6; IMG_3257

Transcription of page 6;

Page sixth
mismanagement of the said lands and to insist for damages #
in the ordinary way and in such manner as accords with the #
law. And the said James Walker Binds and Obliges himself #
and his foresaids to to consume the whole [praw] and fodder of all #
kinds upon the said lands that shall grow thereon during all the #
years of this Tack except the last year of their possession but #
they shall be at liberty to sell Hay at any time they shall think #
proper during the Lease As Also to lay all the Dung upon #
the said lands that shall be made thereon during all the years #
of this Tack except that of the last year which or so much thereof #
as they shall not at their removal have laid upon the lands #
they shall be obliged to sell to the said Earl and his foresaids #
or the incoming Tenant at such price as shall be fixed by #
neutral men to be mutually chosen. And Further the said #
James Walker having accepted of the whole Houses and Fences #
in the condition he was obliged to leave them by his former~ #
agreement Binds and Obliges him and his foresaids to repair #
uphold and maintain the whole of the Houses presently upon #
the Farm with what others they may build thereon during all #
the years of this Tack in a good and sufficient tenantable condition #
and to leave them in the like good and sufficient tenantable #
condition at their removal all upon their own proper charges #
and expenses. And in case the said James Walker and his #
foresaids shall build any additional Houses for their own #
conveniency the said Earl agrees to allow them Timber of the #
growth of his Plantations for Roofing and Flooring for the same #
under the direction of his Factor And they shall be obliged to #
keep and leave the said Houses in the condition beforementioned #
And to repair uphold and maintain the whole Fences and #
Gates of the Inclosures in a good and sufficent fencible condition #
during all the years of this Tack And to leave them in the like #
good and sufficent fencible condition at their removal all upon #
their own proper charges and expenses with power to the Tenant #
to claim the benefit of half Dyke with the neighbouring #
Proprietors or the Earl’s Tenants of his adjoining Farms. And #
the said James Walker Binds and Obliges himself and his #
foresaids to preserve the whole Trees planted or to be planted #
on the said Lands And in case of damage incurred by the #
tenants fault or negligence to indemnify the said Earl and his #
foresaids as the same shall be determined by neutral men #
As Also to Insure the Houses built or to be built from [loss] #
by~
David [Robertson] Williamson
James Walker

Page 7; IMG_3258

Transcription of page 7;

Page seventh
by fine in such Insurance Office as shall be approved of by the #
said Earl or his foresaids And to pay the premium and tax on #
the same regularly during the Lease And in case of any accident by #
fire to assign and transfer the Policy to the said Earl and his #
foresaids with power to recover the money arising therefrom #
which is to be applied in repairing the loss sustained And if this #
shall be neglected the Earl or his foresaids shall be entitled to #
take out Policies and to charge the said James Walker and his #
foresaids with the expense of the same together with the Annual #
premium and fare. As Also the said James Walker Binds and #
Obliges himself and his foresaids to pay the half or legal proportion #
of the Schoolmasters Salary [effiering] to the said lands and such other #
burdens as may be imposed on Tenants by law Declaring always #
that the said James Walker and his foresaids shall have no right or #
claim against the said Earl for any damages on account of Roads #
either public or parochial being carried through the Lands without #
prejudice however to any claim Competent against the County or #
Public funds. Declaring also that the said James Walker and his #
foresaids shall have right if requisite to the possession of the Barns #
and Barn yard until the term of Candlemas following the last crops #
for the purpose of threshing out the same And the said James Walker #
Binds and Obliges himself and his foresaids to flitt and Remove #
themselves families Servants Cattle and Effects furth and from #
the Lands Houses and [others] hereby Let at the expiry hereof #
without any warning of removing or other process of Law And #
in case he or his foresaids shall not flitt and remove themselves #
from the lands and others hereby Let at the expiry hereof but #
shall continue to possess by tacit relocation or in any other manner #
of way without a new bargain formally reduces into writing #
Then it is hereby Stipulated and agreed that so long as they shall #
continue to possess after the expiry hereof they shall be holden and #
Obliged as the said James Walker hereby Binds and Obliges himself #
and his foresaids to pay an yearly Rent of Five hundred and #
forty Pounds Sterling for the said lands and others in lieu and in #
place of the Rent herein before stipulated And that over and above #
and besides fulfilling the whole other forastations and conditions #
hereby incumbent on the Tenant. And Lastly the said James #
Hope Johnstone Earl of Hopetoun and the said James Walker #
hereby Oblige themselves and their foresaids to perform and fulfil #
their respective parts of the premisses to each other and the party #
failing to pay to the party observing or willing to observe their #
part thereof the sum of One hundred Pounds Sterling of liquidate #
penalty attour performance And they consent to the Registra~ #
~tion hereof in the Books of Council and Session or of any other proper #
courts~
David [Robertson] Williamson
James Walker

Page 8; IMG_3259

Transcription of page 8;

Page eighth
court for preservation And if necessary that Letters of Homing on #
Six days Charge and all other legal execution may pass upon a [Decrect] #
to be interponed hereto in usual form And Constitute

Their Procurators for that #
purpose In Witness whereof these presents written upon this and #
the Seven preceding pages of Stamped Paper by William Murrary #
clerk to John Kerr factor to the said Earl Are subscribed as follows #
[…] By the Honorable David Robertson Williamson one of the Senators #
of the College of Justice on the part of the Right Honorable the Earl of #
Hopetoun in virtue of a commission to that effect dated the Nineteenth #
day of April, Eighteen hundred and thirteen years and Registered in #
the Books of Council and Session the twentieth day of August thereafter #
At Lawers the Sixteenth day of September Eighteen hundred and #
fifteen years before these witnesses, Peter Small and James Kemp #
both his servants And by the said James Walker at Hiddlefaulds #
the twenty Second day of September and year foresaid before #
these witnesses, Thomas Cunningham his servant and the before #
mentioned William Murray ~

Peter Small – witness
James Kemp – witness
Thomas Cunningham – witness
Wm Murray – witness

David Robertson Williamson
for The Earl of Hopetoun

James Walker

Notes;